Ожидаемая заработная плата: анализ на основе данных опроса студентов российских вузов
The analysis of determinants of expected wages of Russian university students is conducted within the paper. The results of the research are in agreement with the recent findings about the influence of year of study, family income, gender on expected wages of university students. The authors found that students assume nonmonotonic influence of efforts with respect to wage after graduation. Individuals expect positive returns of abilities and rank of university to wage that will be offered to them by employers. The results are received with the use of data which is compiled within the project Monitor of economics of education that was implemented in the framework of the Basic Research Program at the NRU HSE in 2012
Purpose: Life satisfaction is an important social indicator of life quality of the population. Modern researches show that income is one of the most significant components of life satisfaction. The article describes the Easterlin paradox with regard to Russia, provides a statistical analysis of the relationship income, wealth and the level of life satisfaction in Russia. The article presents the main theoretical concepts which used in the economics of happiness and for analysis of empirical models. Methods. Еconometric methods and statistical analysis (cluster analysis and a binary choice models) are used. To evaluate the income effect on life satisfaction in Russia marginal effects of income and probability increment of life satisfaction were estimated based on binary choice model of RLMS for 2012. Results: А family, gender (men are happier than women), good health, own car has a positive effect on life satisfaction. On average income has a positive effect on life satisfaction, but this effect is nonlinear. The results confirm the adaptation effect with saturation point in 60000 rub.
An overview of literary sources is used to determine factors that account for differences in the role pay raises play for teachers in different regions. These factors include: regional economic structure; stage of economic development (growth or decline); share of public sector industries in regional economics; specific territorial characteristics resulting in discrepancy between average monthly wages and the real standards of living in regions. The paper has revealed a change to teachers’ pay at different educational levels in regions of Russia between 2011 and the first half of 2013. The level of teachers’ pay shows a trend towards reducing inequalities and polarization in distribution of regions by personal income. At the same time, purchasing power of teachers’ wage is growing more and more heterogeneous across the federal subjects of the Russian Federation. As compared to 2011–2012, when purchasing power of teachers’ wage was at the same level in more than 50% of regions, the first months of 2013 witnessed an increase in the number of levels, as well as in that of regions at different levels. Teachers’ wage varies significantly by its purchasing power across federal subjects that have achieved or almost achieved their teachers’ pay goals. The author proves the need for specific research to discover the role (including psychological one) teachers’ pay raise plays broken down by the subjects of the Russian Federation.
Students' internet usage attracts the attention of many researchers in different countries. Differences in internet penetration in diverse countries lead us to ask about the interaction of medium and culture in this process. In this paper we present an analysis based on a sample of 825 students from 18 Russian universities and discuss findings on particularities of students' ICT usage. On the background of the findings of the study, based on data collected in 2008-2009 year during a project "A сross-cultural study of the new learning culture formation in Germany and Russia", we discuss the problem of plagiarism in Russia, the availability of ICT features in Russian universities and an evaluation of the attractiveness of different categories of ICT usage and gender specifics in the use of ICT.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.