Устаревшая критика феноменологии: по ту сторону "бесконечного распутывания сознания"
The collective monogrtaph "Phänomenologie und Buddhismus" brings together research articles from philosophers as well as from specialists in oriental studies. In the center of attention stays the intersection between the phenomenological philosophical discourse and the (mostly far-eastern) buddhist tradition.
The paper presents the ‘wave’ concept of consciousness, which is based on Husserl's concept of consciousness (Zeitbewuβtsein) as a ‘temporal flow’. Thus, to solve the problem ‘mind – body’ we offer a conceptual distinction between ‘wave vs. thing’, in which we understand the consciousness as ‘wave’ superstructure above brain. The conceptual basis for this is Plato’ distinction ‘body vs. soul’, which we complement categorical apparatus of the “new ontology” (N.Hartmann).
The article examines Husserl project of the renovation of European cultural mankind in context of the genesis of Husserl’s practical philosophy, existential motivations for the emergence of the idea of renovation (Erneuerung) and in perspective of its adaptations to the contemporary. The key point of the article – Husserl’s thesis about internationalization through the phenomenological "spirit of autonomy". Аnalyzing of the problem of harmonization between universal theoretical and concrete practical dimension of the idea of renovation, author explicate the socio-critical and cultural creative potential of Husserl's phenomenology.
The book review evaluates the collective work of 12 scholars which retrace and blueprint new trends in the current phenomenology, especially оn the junction between German-Austrian and Russian-Slavic cultural and intellectual areas.
Der Verfasser vertritt die These, dass die Perspektiven des phänomenologischen Projekts in einer Weiterentwicklung der phänomenologischen Methodenlehre bestehen. Die vorliegende Studie behandelt daher drei methodologische Strategien der Spätphilosophie Edmund Husserls. Als Projekte bilden sie drei methodologische Alternativen innerhalb der Husserlschen Phänomenologie und umschreiben drei Perspektiven: die "transzendentale Archäologie des Bewusstseins" (Rekonstruktion der Urstiftungen und Abbau-Analyse der Bewusstseinsgenese), die "mundane Ontologie" (Auslegung der Einstimmigkeit und der Vorgegebenheit der Erfahrung) und die "Metaphysik der Ur-Faktizität" (Modalisierung der Faktizität der Welthabe). Vor diesem Hintergrund werden die methodischen Probleme, die inhaltlichen Probleme und die Probleme der Systematik der Phänomenologie Husserls untersucht.
In this article consider investigation of philosophical evidence of Economics. As example described Phenomenology as foundation and methodology of Austrian Economics. This issue demonstrating links between ideas of E. Husserl and L. von Mises. Author analyzed condition of mainstream of Economics and his philosophical evidence and conclude that crisis of economics - is the «evidence crisis». Economics can overcome this crisis at the expense of Phenomenology of E. Husserl.
The article considers the Views of L. N. Tolstoy not only as a representative, but also as a accomplisher of the Enlightenment. A comparison of his philosophy with the ideas of Spinoza and Diderot made it possible to clarify some aspects of the transition to the unique Tolstoy’s religious and philosophical doctrine. The comparison of General and specific features of the three philosophers was subjected to a special analysis. Special attention is paid to the way of thinking, the relation to science and the specifics of the worldview by Tolstoy and Diderot. An important aspect is researched the contradiction between the way of thinking and the way of life of the three philosophers.
Tolstoy's transition from rational perception of life to its religious and existential bases is shown. Tolstoy gradually moves away from the idea of a natural man to the idea of a man, who living the commandments of Christ. Starting from the educational worldview, Tolstoy ended by creation of religious and philosophical doctrine, which were relevant for the 20th century.
This important new book offers the first full-length interpretation of the thought of Martin Heidegger with respect to irony. In a radical reading of Heidegger's major works (from Being and Time through the ‘Rector's Address' and the ‘Letter on Humanism' to ‘The Origin of the Work of Art' and the Spiegel interview), Andrew Haas does not claim that Heidegger is simply being ironic. Rather he argues that Heidegger's writings make such an interpretation possible - perhaps even necessary.
Heidegger begins Being and Time with a quote from Plato, a thinker famous for his insistence upon Socratic irony. The Irony of Heidegger takes seriously the apparently curious decision to introduce the threat of irony even as philosophy begins in earnest to raise the question of the meaning of being. Through a detailed and thorough reading of Heidegger's major texts and the fundamental questions they raise, Haas reveals that one of the most important philosophers of the 20th century can be read with as much irony as earnestness. The Irony of Heidegger attempts to show that the essence of this irony lies in uncertainty, and that the entire project of onto-heno-chrono-phenomenology, therefore needs to be called into question.
The article is concerned with the notions of technology in essays of Ernst and Friedrich Georg Jünger. The special problem of the connection between technology and freedom is discussed in the broader context of the criticism of culture and technocracy discussion in the German intellectual history of the first half of the 20th century.