Содержание и смысл поэмы М. Цветаевой "Перекоп"
The article focuses on Marina Tsvetaeva’s poem Perekop (1929), which somehow has not received sufficient attention from scholars. As Tsvetaeva herself pointed out, the Perekop “derives” from her husband’s Notes of a volunteer (where S. Efron described his experience as a White Guard). Therefore, the Perekop tends to be interpreted in way which is apologetic towards the White Guard movement in the revolutionary Russia. From this vantage, the Perekop features the thinking apparent also in Tsvetaeva’s early poems (1917–1920) from the Swan camp cycle. Such reductionist interpretation should be replaced by a close, line-by-line reading of the poem. My analysis places the Perekop into an intertextual field and approaches it through the prose vs poetry, dialogue vs monologue, narrative vs lyrics oppositions. The concept of a particular “poetic narratology” is elaborated in order to understand the purpose of the poem on a historical topic. The polyphonic (Bakhtin) structure of the Perekop is a realization of the metaphor of “the voice of conscience”: a philosophical category which is apparently at the center of Tsvetaeva’s later oeuvre.