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## Probability of anomalously large bit-error rate in long haul optical transmission

Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics. 2003. Vol. 68. No. 6. P. 066619 -1-066619 -4.

We consider a linear model of optical transmission through a fiber with birefringent disorder in the presence of amplifier noise. Both disorder and noise are assumed to be weak, i.e., the average bit-error rate (BER) is small. The probability distribution function (PDF) of rare violent events leading to the values of BER much larger than its typical value is estimated. We show that the PDF has a long algebraiclike tail.

I.Kolokolov, Lebedev V., Chertkov M. et al., Journal of Lightwave Technology 2004 Vol. 22 No. 4 P. 1155-1168

This paper presents a method that allows evaluating the performance of an optical fiber system where bit errors result from a complex interplay of spontaneous noise generated in optical amplifiers and birefringent disorder of the transmission fiber. We demonstrate that in the presence of temporal fluctuations of birefringence characteristics, the bit-error rate (BER) itself is ...

Added: February 23, 2017

Kolokolov I., Lebedev V., Chertkov M. et al., JETP Letters 2001 Vol. 74 No. 11 P. 608-611

The radiation-mediated interaction of solitons in a one-dimensional nonlinear medium (optical fiber) with birefringent disorder is shown to be independent of the separation between solitons. The effect produces a potentially dangerous contribution to the signal lost. ...

Added: March 5, 2017

Kolokolov I., Chertkov M., Chernyak V. et al., EPL 2004 Vol. 66 No. 4 P. 499-502

We study the interplay between amplifier noise and birefringent disorder in the case of strongly nonlinear (soliton) type of transmission in optical fibers. Assuming both noise and disorder to be weak, we evaluate the probability distribution function (PDF) of the Bit-Error-Rate (BER) for the values of BER that are much larger than the typical (average) ...

Added: February 18, 2017

Kolokolov I., Lebedev V., Chertkov M. et al., Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics 2003 Vol. 67 P. 036615-1-036615-21

The propagation of the soliton pattern through optical fiber with weakly disordered dispersion coefficient is
considered. Solitons perturbed by this disorder radiate and, as a consequence, decay. The average radiation
profile is found. Emergence of a long-range intrachannel interaction between the solitons ~mediated by this
radiation! is reported. We show that soliton in a multisoliton pattern experiences a ...

Added: February 24, 2017

Kolokolov I., Lebedev V., Falkovich G. et al., Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena 2004 Vol. 195 P. 1-28

We find the probability distribution of the fluctuating parameters of a soliton propagating through a medium with additive
noise. Our method is a modification of the instanton formalism (method of optimal fluctuation) based on a saddle-point
approximation in the path integral. We first solve consistently a fundamental problem of soliton propagation within the
framework of noisy nonlinear Schrödinger ...

Added: February 12, 2017

Kolokolov I., Lebedev V., Chertkov M. et al., JETP Letters 2001 Vol. 74 No. 7 P. 391-395

The propagation of a soliton pattern through one-dimensional medium with weakly disordered dispersion is considered. Solitons, perturbed by this disorder, radiate. The emergence of a long-range interaction between the solitons, mediated by the radiation, is reported. Basic soliton patterns are analyzed. The interaction is triple and is extremely sensitive to the phase mismatch and relative ...

Added: March 4, 2017

Kolokolov I., Lebedev V., Chertkov M. et al., Optics Express 2003 Vol. 11 No. 14 P. 1607-1612

Fluctuations of Bit-Error-Rate (BER) stimulated by birefringent
disorder in an optical fiber system are found to be strong. The effect may not
be analyzed in terms of the average BER but rather requires analyzing the
Probability Distribution Function (PDF) of BER. We report the emergence
of the extremely extended algebraic-like tail of the PDF, corresponding to
anomalously large values of ...

Added: February 24, 2017

Kolokolov I., Lebedev V., Chertkov M. et al., Optics Letters 2003 Vol. 28 No. 22 P. 2159-2161

We study the dependence on fiber birefringence of the bit-error rate (BER) caused by amplifier noise in a
linear optical fiber telecommunication system. We show that the probability-distribution function of the BER
obtained by averaging over many realizations of birefringent disorder has an extended tail that corresponds to
anomalously large values of BER. We specifically discuss the dependence ...

Added: February 23, 2017

Kolokolov I., Chertkov M., Gabitov I. et al., Journal of the Optical Society of America 2004 Vol. 21 No. 3 P. 486-498

Polarization mode dispersion is the effect of signal broadening in a fiber with birefringent disorder. The disorder, frozen into the fiber, is characterized by the so-called vector of birefringence (VB). In a linear medium a pulse broadens as the two principal states of polarization split. It is well-known that, under the action of short-correlated disorder, ...

Added: February 13, 2017

Kolokolov I., Турицын К. С., Журнал экспериментальной и теоретической физики 2004 Т. 125 № 2 С. 395-398

Propagation of a light pulse through a weakly inhomogeneous optical fiber is analyzed. The nonlinear
envelope equation describing the evolution of polarized pulses is determined by statistical properties of
inhomogeneities in the optical fiber. The isotropic Manakov system of equations is shown to be applicable in
the presence of high-frequency small-scale defects in the fiber. In the presence ...

Added: February 23, 2017

Slunyaev A., Кокорина А. В., Water Waves, Springer 2019 P. 1-20

The issue of accounting of the wave breaking phenomenon in direct numerical simulations of oceanic waves is discussed. It is emphasized that this problem is crucial for the deterministic description of waves, and also for the dynamical calculation of extreme wave statistical characteristics, such as rogue wave height probability, asymmetry, etc. The conditions for accurate ...

Added: October 13, 2019

Marshakov A., Миронов А. Д., Морозов А. Ю., Journal of Geometry and Physics 2011 Vol. 61 P. 1203-1222

We present a summary of current knowledge about the AGT relations for conformal blocks with additional insertion of the simplest degenerate operator, and a special choice of the corresponding intermediate dimension, when the conformal blocks satisfy hypergeometric-type differential equations in position of the degenerate operator. A special attention is devoted to representation of conformal block ...

Added: February 28, 2013

Andrew G. Semenov, Zaikin A., Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 2013 Vol. 88 No. 5 P. 054505-1-054505-10

We investigate the effect of interacting quantum phase slips on persistent current and its fluctuations in ultrathin superconducting nanowires and nanorings pierced by the external magnetic flux. We derive the effective action for these systems and map the original problem onto an effective sine-Gordon theory on torus. We evaluate both the flux dependent persistent current ...

Added: February 9, 2015

Окубо Ю. undefined., Journal of Physics: Conference Series 2017 Vol. 804 No. 012036 P. 1-8

We investigate the existence and the orthogonality of the generalized Jack symmetric functions which play an important role in the AGT relations. We show their orthogonality by deforming them to the generalized Macdonald symmetric functions. ...

Added: October 26, 2017

Prazdnichnykh A., Glazov M., Ren L. et al., Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 2021 Vol. 103 No. 8 P. 085302-1-085302-12

The exciton valley dynamics in van der Waals heterostructures with transition metal dichalcogenide monolayers is driven by the long-range exchange interaction between the electron and the hole in the exciton. It couples the states active in the opposite circular polarizations resulting in the longitudinal-transverse splitting of excitons propagating in the monolayer plane. Here we study ...

Added: March 5, 2021

Pelinovsky E., Didenkulova I., Rybkin A., Journal of Fluid Mechanics 2014 Vol. 748 P. 416-432

We present an exact analytical solution of the nonlinear shallow water theory for wave run-up in inclined channels of arbitrary cross-section, which generalizes previous studies on wave run-up for a plane beach and channels of parabolic cross-section. The solution is found using a hodograph-type transform, which extends the well-known Carrier–Greenspan transform for wave run-up on ...

Added: November 19, 2014

Pelinovsky E., Kurkin A. A., Kozelkov A. et al., European Journal of Mechanics - B/Fluids 2018 Vol. 72 P. 616-623

The paper presents results of numerical simulations of freely rising solid spheres in a viscous fluid. The
diameter of spheres was 5 mm, 7 mm, 10 mm, and 20 mm, and the corresponding Reynolds numbers
varies in the interval 1400 < Re < 10100. It has been found that the free rise path varies, as the
Galileo number ...

Added: October 21, 2018

М. : ИКИ РАН, 2011

Added: March 26, 2013

Akhmedov E., Musaev E. T., Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology 2010 Vol. 81 P. 085010

We show that Polchinski equations in the D-dimensional matrix scalar field theory can be reduced at large N to the Hamiltonian equations in a (D+1)-dimensional theory. In the subsector of the Trϕl (for all l) operators we find the exact form of the corresponding Hamiltonian. The relation to the holographic renormalization group is discussed. ...

Added: February 27, 2013

Musaev E., Berman D. S., Thompson D. C., Journal of High Energy Physics 2012 Vol. 1210

The reduction of the duality invariant approach to M-theory by a U-duality group valued
Scherk-Schwarz twist is considered. We show that all gaugings of SUGRA can be obtained
by dimensional reduction of the extended space. ...

Added: October 20, 2014

Budkov Y., Kolesnikov A. L., Polymer Science - Series C 2018 Vol. 60 No. Supplement 1 P. 148-159

Theoretical models of the conformational behavior of flexible polymer chains in mixed solvents enunciated in the world literature during the last decade are critically reviewed. Models describing different mechanisms of coil-to-globule transitions in a good solvent induced by cosolvent addition are highlighted. Special attention is given to the analysis of theoretical approaches to describing the ...

Added: November 30, 2018

Bodrova A., Osinsky A., Brilliantov N., Scientific Reports 2020 Vol. 10 Article 693

We study analytically and numerically the distribution of granular temperatures in granular mixtures for
different dissipation mechanisms of inelastic inter-particle collisions. Both driven and force-free systems
are analyzed. We demonstrate that the simplified model of a constant restitution coefficient fails to
predict even qualitatively a granular temperature distribution in a homogeneous cooling state. At the
same time we reveal ...

Added: February 25, 2020

Min Namkung, Younghun K., Scientific Reports 2018 Vol. 8 No. 1 P. 16915-1-16915-18

Sequential state discrimination is a strategy for quantum state discrimination of a sender’s quantum
states when N receivers are separately located. In this report, we propose optical designs that can
perform sequential state discrimination of two coherent states. For this purpose, we consider not
only binary phase-shifting-key (BPSK) signals but also general coherent states, with arbitrary prior
probabilities. Since ...

Added: November 16, 2020

Semenov-Tian-Shansky K. M., Поляков М. В., Смирнов А. О. et al., Теоретическая и математическая физика 2019 Т. 200 № 2 С. 290-309

Leading logarithms in massless nonrenormalizable effective field theories can be computed using nonlinear
recurrence relations. These recurrence relations follow from the fundamental requirements of unitarity,
analyticity, and crossing symmetry of scattering amplitudes and generalize the renormalization group
technique to the case of nonrenormalizable effective field theories. We review the existing exact solutions
of nonlinear recurrence relations relevant for field ...

Added: September 29, 2020