Особенности правового положения гражданина – должника по делу о банкротстве на современном этапе развития законодательства о несостоятельности физических лиц
The article is devoted to the analysis of the essential issues of concern in the field of regulation of the legal status of a physical person involved in the insolvency proceeding as a debtor or declared insolvent. The authors examine legal developments introduced by the Law No 154-FZ with relation to applicability within the system of current legal regulation of the status of a natural person in complex. Also the article is intended to reveal the situations necessitating detailed regulation, to compare peculiarities of the legal status of an individual entrepreneur and a person not involved in business.
The article contains general analysis of rules which will enter into force from 1 July 2015 and concern individual bankruptcy. The author analyses the legal status of financial manager, filing procedure as well as applicable bankruptcy procedures: debt restructuring, selling of property and conclusion of an amicable agreement. Separate attention is paid to the rights of secured creditors. The rules on individual bankruptcy in foreign countries are briefly stated.
The article considers features of carrying out a procedure of restructuring a debt of a citizen who is not an individual entrepreneur in bankruptcy case. Purpose: to study the rehabilitation nature of the structuring procedure based on distinguishing its stages. Methods: analytical and system methods, comparative and legal, technical and legal methods are used. Results: legal consequences of introducing the procedure of restructuring a debtor’s debt allow him to stabilize his financial position and to save his property to meet creditors’ requirements. Actions of a financial manager, first of all, are aimed at providing creditors with a right to take part in the case of the debtor’s bankruptcy. In their turn, creditors are recommended to act with due care and discretion to keep an opportunity to participate in settling the debtor’s legal destiny. The law has additional provisions protecting rights of creditors of the first and second order, and also creditors’ rights referring to the current liabilities, the debt to which shall be repaid before the approval of the debt restructuring plan. Conclusions: having introduced the institute of citizens’ debts restructuring, the Russian legislation legally enables debtors to pay debts during a long term and to keep their property at the same time. Giving an opportunity to choose a bankruptcy procedure applied to debtorsconsumers depending on their liabilities, income and size of debts, the legislator purposes to protect the debtor from loss of property and from psychological stress, thereby strengthening social and economic infrastructure.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/