Chinese Export Painting in the Collection of the National Library of Russia
Throughout history Chinese artistic culture has developed a fairly complex system of diverse art forms and styles. Chinese export art, being created particularly to satiate constantly growing appetite of the Western world for Chinese goods, holds a specific place among them. In spite of being considered as insignificant in terms of artistic merits, nevertheless, Chinese export painting succeeded to cover a modest segment in the European market in the XVIII – XIX centuries. Unlike most other types of Chinese decorative and applied arts, Chinese export painting until recently has never been taken as a subject of scientific research. The collection of the National Library of Russia possesses a number of Chinese painting albums. Comprehensive study of these art works might bridge lacunas for research of other multitudinous kinds of Chinese export arts and crafts of the XVIII-XIX centuries.
The article is devoted to the political dimension of activity of Russian consulates in Mongolia in 1861—1917 and their role in implementation of Russia’s “Far Eastern strategy”. The imperial consular institute made a considerable contribution to resolving the “Mongol problem”, playing a role of an effective mechanism for Russia’s international mediation during Mongolia’s struggle for the autonomy, as well as to solution of the “Kobdo” and “Altai” problems of the early XXth century. The author is analyzing the consulates’ efforts to strengthen Russia’s position in Mongolia and preserve the “balance of power” in the regional international competition of this period.
The author analysis he results of the first half of D. Trump's presidential term, including the domestic economic sphere, trade policy, foreign policy, as well as the specific style of the President in team building. Over the first two years, Trump has improved a number of economic indicators of the country, but positive trends are unlikely to be long. The author critically assesses Trump's attempts to establish a" new economic order "in the World with his slogan"America first". The protectionist policy of the new President led to a serious aggravation of trade and economic relations not only with China, but also with traditional Western partners of the US. The new head of the White house completely departed from policy principles pursued by his predecessors since the 1930s, which seriously affected relations with Europe, in relations with which he is trying to move to a bilateral basis. Referring to surveys in various countries, the author points out that the authority of US policy under D.Trump has decreased despite his statements to the contrary. As for the prospects of re-election of the current President, the chances of Trump are still small, because he was unable to expand the coalition supporting him.
The Consular Service of Russia in Mongolia (1861–1917)
This monograph is the first comprehensive work reconstructing a complete picture of the formation and functioning of the Russian consulates network in Mongolia before 1917. The author analyzes the role of the consular institutions in the protection of the interests of the Russian empire and the Russian diaspora in Mongolia, coordination and development of political, economic and socio-cultural relations between Russia, Mongolia and China. The research is based on a wide range of sources, primarily the archival materials which have not been introduced into scientific use. This book helps to specify the unique diplomatic contribution made by the imperial consulates to the implementation of the Russian Empire’s policy in the Far East, maintenance of regional security in East Asia, development of Mongolia and its rapprochement with Russia in the second half of the 19th and the early 20th century. The results of the author’s investigations open the new pages in the history of the Russian diplomacy and its foreign service and of the "Russian world" in Asia.