Анализ факторов, влияющих на доход от туристической деятельности в регионах
The article analyzes the state of the domestic tourism industry in Russia. It proposes an econometric model based on the model of Archer and Owen for the analysis of the profitability of tourist activities. We estimated the income from hotel and restaurant business in Moscow and St. Petersburg and analyzed statistics on the number of enterprises engaged in the provision of tourist services and the impact of the crisis on this type of business. Constructed an econometric model of the yield from tourism model based on Archer and Owen was supplemented by a number of factors, taking into account peculiarities of the tourism industry in Russia. In particular, it introduced a parameter tourist attractiveness of the region, put the size of preference setting hotel, close to the sea and setting others. We analyze the options and their impact on income from domestic tourism. The research identified leaders in the development of the tourism industry in Russia, which receiving the highest return, as well as an imbalance in the tourist attractiveness of the regions.
Within the conditions of the upward tendency in the level of competition between regions, it becomes critical to identify the most effective practices in the sphere of comprehensive territorial development through specialization on certain industries. One of the most widely occurred practices in the Russian Federation is the regional cluster development in tourism, which has been popularized since 2006–2007. The special features of domestic legislation and institutional context created a special Russian model of regional cluster policy in tourism. The results of such policy vary from region to region and differ from similar practice abroad. This necessitates the comprehensive analysis of the national model and the development of the recommendation system about its most effective application at the regional level. The general hypothesis of the research could be framed as follows: the Russian model has a system of internal limitations connected with the previous experience of public administration in the command economy. It limits a private initiative hampering the development of a tourism cluster. The basic data of the study includes a set of legislation governing cluster policy in Russian and abroad, as well as a set of publications, which let us reconstruct national models of tourism cluster in different countries. Within the research, we have conducted a comprehensive post evaluation and have identified a set of scientific schools, which formed modern national models. The second part of the research is devoted to the reconstruction of the national models of cluster policy in tourism based on the case-study method. The method allowed to describe the national models and helped us to classify them. The third part of the article describes the Russian model of cluster policy in tourism. On this stage, we have identified its strengths and weaknesses and suggested a system of recommendations aimed at the improvement of the national model at regional and federal levels. We have also developed certain recommendations on the most effective work with this system in the current conditions. Keywords: cluster policy, tourism cluster, tourism, tourism cluster theory, tourism cluster in Russia
The present article is devoted to consideration of tourism cluster implication for the purpose of region sustainable development. The present approach was analyzed within the context of its historical development. Basing on the analysis mentioned we identified determination-factors of regional sustainability and described an internal mechanism, which is allowed to make a tourism cluster, projecting for the purpose of sustainable development, more effective.
We consider certain spaces of functions on the circle, which naturally appear in harmonic analysis, and superposition operators on these spaces. We study the following question: which functions have the property that each their superposition with a homeomorphism of the circle belongs to a given space? We also study the multidimensional case.
We consider the spaces of functions on the m-dimensional torus, whose Fourier transform is p -summable. We obtain estimates for the norms of the exponential functions deformed by a C1 -smooth phase. The results generalize to the multidimensional case the one-dimensional results obtained by the author earlier in “Quantitative estimates in the Beurling—Helson theorem”, Sbornik: Mathematics, 201:12 (2010), 1811 – 1836.
We consider the spaces of function on the circle whose Fourier transform is p-summable. We obtain estimates for the norms of exponential functions deformed by a C1 -smooth phase.