Актуальность использования системной методологии в процессе изучения государства и права переходного периода в истории России
The article deals with the possibility of applying the systematic methodology in the process of investigating both the integral state-legal matter and the transitional one in terms of changing the social system on the example of the history of Russia of XX century. Purpose: to carry out the analysis of the existing system methodological tools for understanding the features of state-legal matter in transitional periods of Russian history. Methods: methodological basis of the research are system and historical methods to uncover quality content of the legal matter of the transitional period; to distinguish the principal difference between system and intersystem state-legal situation; to investigate the distinctive features of system changes in public and legal superstructure when moving from one social system to another; to review denying the possibility of topology of state and law of the transitional period. Results: during the investigation the basic approaches in system methodology were studied, including the possibility of its application in the process of studying the legal superstructure of the transitional period. The author agrees with the views of those scholars (A.I. Uyomov, D. G. Krasilnikov), who draws attention to such important feature of the system as relativity which allows to move away from characterizing the social systems and their subsystems only through the prizm of presence or absence of the integrity sign. Analysis of correlation of state-legal superstructure elements and strategic development of competing public systems allows us to provide both common and special typological features of state and law of the transitional period in the history of Russia. Conclusions: fundamental difference of approaches to systematic methodology concerns not the form but the content of its categorical framework. The categories of “system”, “nonsystem”, “intersystem” help carry out a more in-depth analysis of the legal superstructure in the process of changing social systems.