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Article

Криминальная культура как детерминант преступности

Considered one of the most important components of the system of criminological determination – criminal culture. This component is represented as a multi-purpose mechanism, as in the inner subsystem of the self, or causality) and external (conditionality, or determination) of crime.

The focus is on two broad functions of criminal culture.

One of them turned to a life of crime as a socio-legal phenomenon, or self-determination, which is implemented in the energy of self-assertion and psychological defense. If this assertion triggers the expansion effect, which determines the expansive function of the criminal culture. The activity of this function are closely interrelated with the external environment, relationships or crime. This relationship is a fundamental component of quality acts another function, designed to optimize the external relations of crime. This effect is particularly expressive is evident in the prison conditions, where there is a suitable «rebirth» of the criminal culture in prison subculture. This kind of criminal subculture has the highest degree of reproduction of crime.

Criminal culture is considered as a complex system factor in crime and object of the appropriate, the system of law enforcement countermeasures. This means that to ensure effective combating criminal culture is only possible on a systematic approach. Moreover, anti-criminal potential of the system counter must exceed the criminal potential of that charged crime.

Analyzed outwardly subtle but inwardly very profound destructive destructive impact of criminal culture on the moral-legal consciousness of people, especially on the personality of the offender. This article discusses the most important elements of a criminal culture in the mechanism of criminalization of personality. Uses the theoretical developments of the famous Russian criminologist, Professor O. V. Starkov related to the mechanism linking precriminal and criminal behavior.

The conclusions of theoretical analysis of the problem substantiated with empirical base is largely represented by the materials applied criminological research conducted by the author. Measures to counter the criminal culture in the development of existing previously in the criminological literature of ideas with regard to criminal culture. Expresses the idea of the scientific study of mechanisms of influence of criminal culture on the legal consciousness and legal culture in particular refers to methods and tools that are utilized in these mechanisms. They defy categorization, proposed by the author.