«Юрисдикция» и «вменение» в решениях ЕСПЧ, связанных с применением Конвенции на территории непризнанных государств: взболтать, но не смешивать?
In cases related to application of the Convention on Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms on the territories of unrecognized states, the European Court of Human Rights, in order to establish responsibility of a state-party, commonly uses an approach, which is based both on mixture of notions “jurisdiction” and “attribution” and on significant lowering threshold for attribution. The author comes to the conclusion that application of this approach in cases, when a state-party to the Convention is not an occupying one, does not confirm with existing international customs in the sphere of international responsibility, regardless of choice of either “effective” or “overall control” test. Generally speaking, it seems that, guided by good intentions to prevent legal vacuum in the field of protection of human rights in the territories of the unrecognized entities, just because of the unnecessary mixing conventional concept of “jurisdiction” with the general concept of “attribution”, and also out of the reluctance to see the actual specifics of individual cases, the ECHR more and more moves away from the international responsibility laws, undermining thus its own effectiveness.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
The author analyzes the activities of the European Court of Human Rights, from the standpoint of the theory of the legal process. Based on this analysis, the author introduces the concept of the «process of the European Court of Human Rights», reveals the goal of this process and formulates his definition.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/