Поэтика проницаемых границ: «Английский пациент» М. Ондатже как роман-воспоминание
Michael Ondaatje’s “English Patient” enjoyed fame among Russian readers and insufficient attention among Russian scholars. The article considers the postmodernist principle of permeable borders as the basis of the novel’s poetics of memory. Permeable borders are analysed on the level of spatial and then temporal composition. These are then shown in their interdependence with the images of the main characters. Four characters’ scenarios of self-identification are described in their relations to the past and the present. Almaśy’s memory scenario is proven to form the model for the whole novel’s narrative. All these elements of the novel’s poetics are brought together to form the model for the reader’s behavior as a participant of the fictitious world.
This paper discusses an important component of the radio frequency identification (RFID) system, namely, the RFID-tag and the bending effect on its electrodynamic parameters. The RFID tag was modeled and the following parameters were calculated: Scattering Coefficients (parameter S11), Voltage Standing Wave Ratio (VSWR), vertical and horizontal radiation patterns and total. The results of the work will allow optimizing the design of the RFID-tag in such a way as to achieve optimal quantitative indicators of electrodynamic parameters.
The article focuses on the narrative as a rhetoric strategy and a crucial interdisciplinary phenomenon connecting language, mind, culture and political impact. As a case study Victory speech-2012 and Inaugural speech-2013 by Barack Obama are taken. The examples demonstrate that narrative in the political discourse of Obama goes back to the rhetoric of religious parable. Key words: narrative, parable, conceptual metaphor, rhetoric strategies, political discourse, basic values.
The paper treats the issue of identity of the ego, which constitutes the central problem of personology. The skeptical approach to this problem, which sees it as not being subject to be resolved by means of science, began with D. Hume's work. Contemporary personologists (P. Ricoeur and others) approach this problem through study of culture, which imparts the ego with «narrative identity». Cultural historic psychology is a «Bridge of interpretations», upon which philosophy of culture meets psychology, and psychological data associated with «personality» are interpreted on the basis of some specific cultural philosophic theory. The «conflict of interpretations» plays and essential role in personology, which participates in the processes of emergence and overcoming of the cultural crisis. Philosophical and methodological problems that define the near term perspective development of personology are formulated: whether there are any «ego invariants» that remain regardless of any possible cultural determination; whether the ego possesses any rigidity in relation to cultural determination and, if it does, what is the nature of this rigidity; whether ego identity is destroyed when cultural determination diminishes or ceases, etc.
The articles of the book are devored to the search of the particular regularities of narrative forms' functioning. At the same time the narratological problems are researched in the context of the phenomenon of cultural memory.
The paper is focused on the study of reaction of italian literature critics on the publication of the Boris Pasternak's novel "Doctor Jivago". The analysys of the book ""Doctor Jivago", Pasternak, 1958, Italy" (published in Russian language in "Reka vremen", 2012, in Moscow) is given. The papers of italian writers, critics and historians of literature, who reacted immediately upon the publication of the novel (A. Moravia, I. Calvino, F.Fortini, C. Cassola, C. Salinari ecc.) are studied and analised.
In the article the patterns of the realization of emotional utterances in dialogic and monologic speech are described. The author pays special attention to the characteristic features of the speech of a speaker feeling psychic tension and to the compositional-pragmatic peculiarities of dialogic and monologic text.