Принципы специализации и интеграции в развитии интермодальных терминалов
The article considers the stages of the intermodal terminal concept evolution. Principles of terminal technological specialization and logistic integration are analyzed. Classification principles of intermodal terminals are proposed
The paper makes a brief introduction into multiple classifier systems and describes a particular algorithm which improves classification accuracy by making a recommendation of an algorithm to an object. This recommendation is done under a hypothesis that a classifier is likely to predict the label of the object correctly if it has correctly classified its neighbors. The process of assigning a classifier to each object involves here the apparatus of Formal Concept Analysis. We explain the principle of the algorithm on a toy example and describe experiments with real-world datasets.
The article analyzes the business models of combined transport, used in the transport service of continental (not including a sea) supply chains. Described are the common characteristics of business models as well as fundamental differences specific to the transport systems of the North America and Europe. Based on a comparison of structural and functional analysis the article reveales the most significant parameters of the business models of both types, as well as the conditions under which they can be sustainable. Examples of business models implementation in the North American and European practices are given and the mechanisms the final logistic product within different models are revealed.
Symbolic classifiers allow for solving classification task and provide the reason for the classifier decision. Such classifiers were studied by a large number of researchers and known under a number of names including tests, JSM-hypotheses, version spaces, emerging patterns, proper predictors of a target class, representative sets etc. Here we consider such classifiers with restriction on counter-examples and discuss them in terms of pattern structures. We show how such classifiers are related. In particular, we discuss the equivalence between good maximally redundant tests and minimal JSM-hyposethes and between minimal representations of version spaces and good irredundant tests.
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 6th IAPR TC3 International Workshop on Artificial Neural Networks in Pattern Recognition, ANNPR 2014, held in Montreal, QC, Canada, in October 2014. The 24 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 37 submissions for inclusion in this volume. They cover a large range of topics in the field of learning algorithms and architectures and discussing the latest research, results, and ideas in these areas.
In this paper, we use robust optimization models to formulate the support vector machines (SVMs) with polyhedral uncertainties of the input data points. The formulations in our models are nonlinear and we use Lagrange multipliers to give the first-order optimality conditions and reformulation methods to solve these problems. In addition, we have proposed the models for transductive SVMs with input uncertainties.
We propose extensions of the classical JSM-method andtheNa ̈ıveBayesianclassifierforthecaseoftriadicrelational data. We performed a series of experiments on various types of data (both real and synthetic) to estimate quality of classification techniques and compare them with other classification algorithms that generate hypotheses, e.g. ID3 and Random Forest. In addition to classification precision and recall we also evaluated the time performance of the proposed methods.
This volume is the first of its kind to offer a detailed, monographic treatment of Semitic genealogical classification. The introduction describes the author's methodological framework and surveys the history of the subgrouping discussion in Semitic linguistics, and the first chapter provides a detailed description of the proto-Semitic basic vocabulary. Each of its seven main chapters deals with one of the key issues of the Semitic subgrouping debate: the East/West dichotomy, the Central Semitic hypothesis, the North West Semitic subgroup, the Canaanite affiliation of Ugaritic, the historical unity of Aramaic, and the diagnostic features of Ethiopian Semitic and of Modern South Arabian. The book aims at a balanced account of all evidence pertinent to the subgrouping discussion, but its main focus is on the diagnostic lexical features, heavily neglected in the majority of earlier studies dealing with this subject. The author tries to assess the subgrouping potential of the vocabulary using various methods of its diachronic stratification. The hundreds of etymological comparisons given throughout the book can be conveniently accessed through detailed lexical indices.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.