Architectural design of sustainable information systems
The theory of the information society considers the information and media as the primary source of social development. At present the use of the latest achievements in the field of Information Communication Technologies (ICT) in economy and management, including the contemporary methods and tools of computer modelling is one of the key factors in improving organizational performance and increasing its competitiveness. This paper focuses on the various modelling methods and techniques that are employed in the design of management information systems (MIS) architecture. Its goal is to evaluate the role of modelling for spatiotemporal analysis of marketing information system in the context of spatial economics paradigm development. Interdisciplinarity of spatial marketing researches consists not only in expanding the subject of research (joint study of the spaces of different types), but in the synthesis of notions, concepts and methodologies of the social, humanitarian, sociological and engineering sciences, modelling and prediction of interaction and mutual influence of different kinds spaces, a generalization of the theoretical results and creating of the interdisciplinary databases.The paper also considers the main features of soft computing (neural network and fuzzy logic) and discusses its implementation for design of sustainable adaptive architecture of spatial information system. It does so from a research base that draws from theoretical underpinnings as well as international and domestic industry practices.
The use of spatial systemic paradigm in the context of market relations in Russia presupposes complex research of how the subjects of marketing space interact with each other. Spatial science, as an area of interdisciplinary scientific research, has become especially popular in the last decades. Nowadays spatial aspects are one of the very well-known objects of analysis of the different knowledge fields. This paper deals with the issues of Russian and international researches in the field of intelligent information systems applications for systemic marketing research and how it can be properly supported by contemporary information communication technologies. The class of intelligent information technologies (IIT) and systems, including neural network (NN), fuzzy logic (FL), multi-agent systems (MAS), belonging to the class of expert systems, continue to improve. Intelligent information technologies are complex, require further research and development. The main goal of this paper is consideration of the issues of soft computing and agent based modeling implementation for spatiotemporal analysis, and the main domains or areas of their applying in the context of spatial economics. The objective of this research is characterization of qualitative parameters that impact on equilibrium of operation and development of spatial marketing systems and formation of conditions for maximizing of their effectiveness. It is empirical and theoretical research in equal measure. The study is based on literature review, analysis of large volumes of information, and findings of investigations in this field. The research problem is focused on the applying of modeling for analysis of spatial marketing systems. The original contribution of the work is describing the hybrid intelligent model, which contains all three elements - optimization, simulation and fuzzy inference system. Research methodology is methods and procedures of modeling. The paper contains theoretical foundations and comparative analysis of different modeling methods and systems (including soft computing and agent based approach) and quantitative results obtained through the experimental model.
Nowadays systemic interactions subjects of marketing space of territory are an essential object of the researches, devoted to the spatiotemporal paradigm application in the context of market relations development in Russia. The main advantage of the scientific research area, which is based on the spatial approach, is its interdisciplinarity and ability to take advantages of systemic approach and synergy effect in the study of issues related to the spatial organization of economy and management systems, including marketing systems. The paper considers the improvement of approaches, forecasting and hybrid modeling methods, taking into account their dynamics, measurability and evaluation of factors influencing on their spatial relationship and effectiveness of market subjects interactions.
This paper deals with the issues of Russian and international researches in the field of design of information architecture of management systems in the context of spatial economics. At present modern intelligent methods and technologies are essential components for developing management decision process that will enable companies to succeed in a rapidly changing environment. The latest achievements in the field of intelligent technologies in economy and management, including the methods and tools of soft computing are the key factors in improving organizational performance and increasing its competitiveness. The paper is devoted to the study of issues of hybrid intelligent systems and models application to architectural design of management information systems (IS). Fuzzy technologies as technologies of artificial intelligence are having a significant influence on information systems design and analysis. Simultaneously information systems sustainability and adaptiveness are now one of the main drivers of business success. Original contribution of the work is based on the applying of intelligent information technologies and modern modeling methods for creating scoring model of information systems sustainability. It is theoretical and empirical research in equal measure. Research methodology is methods and procedures of modeling. The main purpose of this paper is consideration the features of application of contemporary hybrid intelligent systems and models for spatiotemporal analysis. The paper also contains theoretical foundations of information systems architecture and the brief overview of spatial sciences development in Russia. It does so from a research base that draws from theoretical underpinnings as well as international and domestic industry practices.
The issue of capital city relocation is a topic of debate for more than forty countries around the world. In this first book to discuss the issue, Vadim Rossman offers an in-depth analysis of the subject, highlighting the global trends and the key factors that motivate different countries to consider such projects, analyzing the outcomes and drawing lessons from recent capital city transfers worldwide for governments and policy-makers.
Subject: smart house maintenance requires taking into account a number of factors - resource conservation, mitigating working expenditures, safety enhancement, ensuring comfort of leisure and operation. Automation of such engineering systems networks as illumination, climate control, security and communication, may be achieved through utilization of contemporary technologies (e.g. IoT – Internet of Things). However, storing and processing the overwhelmingly massive corpora of data produced by the aforementioned systems poses a significant challenge. It is necessary to rationally manage the available big data during the stage of information modelling, due to the fact, that a building’s lifespan outlives most iterations of safety, comfort, and maintenance standards substantially.
Materials and methods: since smart houses may be classified as human-machine systems, the cybernetic approach will be considered as the base method of information system design and discovery. Instrumental methods are represented by set-theoretical modelling, automata theory and architectural principles of information management systems’ organization.
Results: an agile architecture of information system for smart house hardware management has been synthesized. The architecture encompasses several levels: client level, application level and data level; as well as three layers: presentation level, actuating devices layer and analytics layer. As proposed, the problem of growing volumes of information process by realtime message controller is attended by employment of sensors with configurable thresholds and actuating mechanisms, which implement control logic based on discrete automaton (namely, logical algorithm schemes). Multicircuit control system is suggested to be additionally enhanced with datamining module, DBMS, datamarts, and OLAP cube, which are jointly capable of processing large amount of data produced by hardware subsystems.
Conclusions: an information system for smart house hardware management, once built according to the proposed architecture, will enhance the quality of decision-making process, decrease operational costs of the smart house, due to the datamining-enabled control circuit. Suggested solution is recommended to be employed for the management of buildings and constructions, that utilize means of automation and IoT.
This paper deals with the issues of Russian and international researches in the field of design of sustainable information architecture of management systems in the context of spatial economics. It is theoretical and empirical research in equal measure. Research methodology is methods and procedures of modeling. The main purpose of this paper is consideration the features of application of contemporary intelligent information technologies and systems for spatiotemporal analysis. The paper is devoted to the study of issues of stability of architecture of spatial information system. Now modern intelligent methods and technologies are essential components for developing management decision process that will enable companies to succeed in a rapidly changing environment. The latest achievements in the field of intelligent technologies in economy and management, including the methods and tools of agent-based modeling and soft computing are the key factors in improving organizational performance and increasing its competitiveness. Fuzzy technologies as technologies of artificial intelligence are having a significant influence on information systems (IS) design and analysis. At the same time IS sustainability is now one of the key drivers of business success. Original contribution of the work is based on the applying of intelligent information technologies and modern modeling methods for creating scoring model of IS sustainability. The paper also contains theoretical foundations of information systems architecture and the brief overview of spatial sciences development in Russia.
We modify Paul Krugman’s (1991, J. Polit. Econ 9(3), 483-99) ‘Core-Periphery’ model by replacing the traditional competitive sector by a monopolistically competitive one. We show that the structure of spatial equilibria remains the same as in the original model. This result continues to hold true under Cournot or Bertrand oligopolistic competition with free entry in the traditional sector. The key factor that explains why the nature of competition in the traditional sector does not matter for the spatial equilibria is constant expenditure shares - due to nested Cobb-Douglas and CES preferences - which imply that trade in the traditional sector is independent from its sectoral characteristics.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.