Оценка эффективности программ поддержки НКО: вопросы применимости зарубежного опыта
The paper examines international experience in the area of program evaluation from the perspective of its relevance to the development of evaluation methodologies to gauge the effectiveness of NGO support programs in Russia. We find that given a universal nature of international program evaluation regulatory acts, it is possible to harmonize the approaches to program evaluation evolving in this country with the relevant policies, standards, principles and criteria for program evaluation designed by government agencies in the leading countries of the world as well as by international agencies with a solid evaluation background. The research points out the expediency of gauging the effectiveness of Russian federal and municipal NGO support programs at various stages of their life cycle.
The article attempts to examine the situation formed in Russian society after acceptance of Amendments to a Federal Law, On NonCommercial Organizations, providing for additional requirements to non-commercial organisations performing the functions of foreign agents. Special attention is paid to illustrating the positions of the parties to the conflict, whose justifiability of arguments, it appears, must play a decisive role in the consideration of debatable provisions with respect to their constitutionalism
Evaluation is an emerging field in Russia, and the authors have been intensively involved in it for over a decade. This article explores the evolution of evaluation capacity and describes the growth of evaluator competencies in Russia. It focuses on areas with extensive development: (a) the institutionalization of regulatory impact assessment in the public sector, (b) evaluation’s development in nongovernmental organizations, (c) the growth of monitoring and evaluation capacity in private foundations, and (d) the emergence of local independent evaluation consulting. Although no common definition of evaluator competencies exists in Russia, the role may be included in a professional registry currently under development.
The research is aimed to elaboration of the tools to measure the parental evaluation of the municipal preschool service, as a part of complex evaluation of preschool sector of education. The research needs are related to increasing number of types of preschool service providers, appearing nongovernmental providers, competition growing, including municipal sector. On the qualitative part, the individual interviews with parents (N=30) are conducting, the gathered data will be analyzed: coded, classified, and conceptualized to identify scope of parent’s evaluation criteria and parent’s meanings of that criteria.
The article shows the need for a fundamentally new mechanism for
managing the development of labor potential of the innovation economy. The author describes the innovative labor potential which is based on scientific and human resources, and reveals the innovative features of β-labor, and determines the specificity of creative abilities of the individual. The article emphasizes the importance of the institutional environment for the development of innovative labor potential. In particular the author concerns such an efficient organizational form as a scientific and educational center.
A retrospective analysis of the scientific-educational centers formed on the basis of the Program “Fundamental Research and Education” as well as analysis of scientific and educational centers supported by the Federal Target Program “Research and scientific-pedagogical cadres of Innovative Russia” for 2009–2013 were represented. Based on the South Korean model of integration of science, education and industry in the preparation of innovative personnel (in the Korean Polytechnic University) the author provides advice on effective use of foreign experience of training innovative personnel in the implementation of competency approach to education in scientific-educational centers.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
The article is devoted to the study of the authoritarianism prevalent in the mass consciousness of Russians. The article describes a new approach to the consideration of the authoritarian syndrome as the effects of the cultural trauma as a result of political and socio-cultural transformation of society. The article shows the dynamics of the symptoms of the authoritarianism, which appear in the mass consciousness of Russians from 1993 to 2011. This paper proposes a package of measures aimed at reducing the level of the authoritarianism in Russian society.
This work looks at a model of spatial election competition with two candidates who can spend effort in order to increase their popularity through advertisement. It is shown that under certain condition the political programs of the candidates will be different. The work derives the comparative statics of equilibrium policy platform and campaign spending with respect the distribution of voter policy preferences and the proportionality of the electoral system. In particular, it is whown that the equilibrium does not exist if the policy preferences are distributed over too narrow an interval.
The article examines "regulatory requirements" as a subject of state control over business in Russia. The author deliberately does not use the term "the rule of law". The article states that a set of requirements for business is wider than the legislative regulation.
First, the article analyzes the regulatory nature of the requirements, especially in the technical field. The requirements are considered in relation to the rule of law. The article explores approaches to the definition of regulatory requirements in Russian legal science. The author analyzes legislation definitions for a set of requirements for business. The author concludes that regulatory requirements are not always identical to the rule of law. Regulatory requirements are a set of obligatory requirements for entrepreneurs’ economic activity. Validation failure leads to negative consequences.
Second, the article analyzes the problems of the regulatory requirements in practice. Lack of information about the requirements, their irrelevance and inconsistency are problems of the regulatory requirements in Russia.
Many requirements regulating economic activity are not compatible with the current development level of science and technology. The problems are analyzed on the basis of the Russian judicial practice and annual monitoring reports by Higher School of Economics.
Finally, the author provides an approach to the possible solution of the regulatory requirements’ problem. The author proposes to create a nationwide Internet portal about regulatory requirements. The portal should contain full information about all regulatory requirements. The author recommends extending moratorium on the use of the requirements adopted by the bodies and organizations of the former USSR government.