Декомпозиционный анализ источников экономического роста на основе таблиц "затраты-выпуск" по России
This paper considers the structural decomposition approach which identifies the sources of dynamic changes in output and import. For analysis we use the time series of symmetrical input-output tables for Russia based on NACE rev. 1 classification from WIOD project. The results of the analysis enable us to determine the influence of changes in technology (intermediate demand) and final demand on the increase or decrease of the value of output and imports in the whole economy and at the level of 34 industries for the period from 2003 to 2010.
Due to the lack of statistics, many a priori assumptions were used in the construction of Input-Output tables at current and constant prices. Therefore, the estimates obtained from our calculations are illustrative and show features of structural decomposition analysis. In particular, by using this method it is possible to estimate the ratio between the contribution of domestic production and imports by types of goods and services to increase in both the intermediate and final demand. For the latter the decomposition is also possible for its separate elements, first of all - for the final demand of households and growth in gross fixed investment. The results of experimental calculations are illustrated by tables.