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Article

Ukraine’s first ethnographic map: made in the Russian empire

The article examines the first published ethnographic map of Ukraine, which appeared in Lviv in 1861. While carefully analysing new archival and published sources from both the Habsburg and Romanov empires, it puts this map into the wider context of contemporary Ukrainian national movement. The author argues that Russian Ukrainian activists of 1860s were unquestionably interested in the extent of Ukrainian national territory and had handwritten maps of Ukrainian national territory in their possession. Contrary to the conventional narratives that the 1861 map was drawn in Lviv by Mykhailo Kossak, it argues instead that the map could have been produced by the Russian Ukrainian activist, Mykhailo Levchenko, and was later transferred to Galicia for publication. Stipulating the need to take into account sources from both the Romanov and Habsburg empires together with studying both cartographic and textual sources, the article argues that similar studies should necessarily be located at the juncture of history of cartography and the intellectual history of mental mapping. Only such approach will provide an undistorted picture of a process of national territorialization.