Реформирование системы оплаты труда в бюджетной сфере (на примере медицинских работников)
The article analizes results of reformation of the system of remuneration of workers of budgetary sphere on the example of medical workers.
The paper represents a complex analysis of public debt as one of the major tools of micro-economic policy, through which a modern state can directly or indirectly affect the condition and development of the national economy. The analysis results are given for modern concepts explaining how the amount of public debt affects microeconomic development. It is shown that a growing public debt may cause both a positive and a negative effect on microeconomic processes, which makes it possible to reach a conclusion about the contradictory character of debt funding the economy. The essence and nature of the Russian Federation’s public debt is revealed as an important component of the Russian economy’s operating mechanism at the present time. The RF public debt dynamics are presented and projected values of its growth are given for the years 2016-2018. A brief description of the characteristics of RF debt policy is provided. It is noted that one of its objectives for the next few years is the need to adapt to the changing conditions in the external and domestic financial markets. One hazard of growing public debt is identified given the structural misbalances and external economic shocks, since it may result in a bigger dependence of the national economy on external and internal borrowings, which, in turn, will provoke additional risks for the development of the Russian economy. It is shown that in the countries with developing markets, growing public borrowings may cause negative macroeconomic consequences. It is proven that in order to enhance the stimulating effect of public debt on the macroeconomic processes the state needs to develop an efficient debt strategy, which would clearly define the economic boundaries of public debt use.
In the article the international experience of management of employment in the public sector is shown, corresponding numerical calculations are given, the thought on possibility of its use in Russia is stated. The author believes that transfer of some functions into outsourcing in frameworks of the policy of the new public management (NPM) can be one of directions of perfection of the management of employment efficiency and payment in the public sector. Simultaneously he expresses his conviction that reduction of the number of the occupied should not be mechanical, but the thought over and gradual process assuming simultaneous increase of efficiency of activity in the sphere of the public management.
Incrementalism is a theory of the budgetary process which offers a realistic view at the state budgeting by taking into account the influence of political power on budget. This article presents the main provisions of incrementalism and the comments of its critics. The theory is evaluated as a basis for future researches as well.