Миф справедливой войны как реальность абсолютного насилия
The basic historical stages of the existence of war are constituted by the special combinations of its factual and normative sides. The contemporary transformation of war means first and foremost the sifts of the major proportions of this combinations. From its factual side the war tends to become robotic, informational, hybrid, etc. From its normative side it moves towards militarism. The so called, Just War Theory in its contemporary paradigm if Justice of Human Rights is nothing else but a version of militarism. The Just War Militarism in its turn drags the factual side of war in such a way, that war and not peace becomes the norm, and the war itself tends to become absolute although constrained. Hyper terrorism is one of the inevitable consequences of such a normativity and peace itself tends to be substituted by permanent low level war, resembling the situation in Europe before the Peace of Westphalia.
The legitimacy of NATO’s war against Serbia in March 1999 has been widely debated. In the previous chapter, Carl Ceulemans concludes that justice is on the side of NATO’s military campaign. But his analysis is not the only one possible within the framework of Just War Theory. In the following, a different analysis is presented. It shows that while operating within the framework of Just War Theory one can arrive at quite different conclusions from his.
The article is devoted to the definition of legal nature of the FATF Forty Recommendations on anti-money laundering and Nine Special Recommendations on Terrorist Financing. The first part of the article observes the creation and development of the FATF Forty Recommendations and Nine Special Recommendations on Terrorist Financing. Next, the article considers the question of determining the legal status of the recommendations of the FATF.
The article deals with F. Kafka’s attitude to the First World War, reflected in his letters, diaries and prose.
States may stipulate laws and rules, specifying conditions for foreigners to be admitted to another state's territory. Tightening requirements and making new restrictions for people who are going to visit a foreign country are one of efficient tools of foreign policy. International law has no norms obliging states to motivate the denial for a foreigner's admission into a foreign territory. The state cannot deny the admission for a foreigner if it contradicts obligations of the state implied in agreements concluded between the state of residence and an international intergovernmental organisation or in the treaties on privileges and immunities of international organisations.
Realism is making a comeback in Europe. This book brings together a new generation of realist scholars. It provides a rigorous survey for specialists seeking to understand the dynamics of international relations in a time of change. The volume thus seeks to explore the European dimension to neoclassical realism. The hope with this book is that it will spark a debate that, in time, might lead to the re-emergence of a distinctly European realist school which draws on the roots of the historical, non-American realist tradition, benefiting from insights in the liberal-constructivist paradigm. Through detailed case studies, the book illustrates that power and influence remain fruitful, even indispensable variables through which to understand the formation of foreign policy.
Collection of articles is based on materials RUSO Conference October 26, 2013 and primarily focuses on different aspects of origin , course and consequences of the First World War. We investigate the approaching of the war , its relation in Russian and foreign historiography , problems of international relations of the era , the situation in the army and navy. The second major unit materials collection associated with the history of the Great Patriotic War. Considered moral questions of the political climate in the Soviet Union before and at the beginning of this war, the economy , the activities of individual units. Again referred to the exploits of heroes Panfilov . The collection also has special film Prutian campaign in 1711 , Russia's participation in the anti-Napoleonic wars , as well as a number of other problems of Russian history is closely connected with the history of some foreign countries . The collection is intended primarily for historians - researchers, university professors, as well as for all those interested in domestic history of modern and contemporary .
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.