На пути к воображаемой географии: два поворота, три пространства
The appearance and institutionalization of the research on interrelations of imagination and space is regarded as the result of ‘cultural turn’ in geography and ‘spatial turn’ in the humanities. ‘Cultural turn’ is understood in the article as a multilayered historic process, including the revolutionary changes in the theory of geography in 1950-1980s (‘behavioral revolution’, ‘humanistic revolution’) and the establishment of both humanistic and critical geographies. The concept of ‘thirdspace’ is seen as the sign of final mix and collaboration of the two large research fields, becoming some new one.
The article is dedicated to the review of ways of looking at social space in the sociological theory. Basing on works of those authors, who paid special attention for this question, in the text there is considered the variety of theoretical interpretations and instrumental using the category of social space. The accent is made on application of space in the context of urban sociology. All the material is systematized according to division into three aspects of looking at social space: 1. the space of social actors's interactions; 2. the structure of status positions; 3. the connection of geographic space and social meanings that are attached to it.
The book presents the author’s theoretical and methodological researches, as well as other results of studying the social space of Nizhny Novgorod and the nature of the placement of citizens in it by other authors. A theoretical and instrumental model of the social space of the city and a methodology for studying the inclusion of citizens in it were developed. The characteristics of social space that promote the inclusion of citizens are identified.
The book may be of interest to representatives of the administration, initiative territorial communities and other interested social groups for applying an analytical approach to the social space of the city, as well as when deciding on the development of the urban environment to form the conditions for the process of inclusion of citizens in the urban social space and to strengthen their territorial identity. In addition, the materials can be used in the courses “Sociology of the city”, “Urban studies” in universities.
The following article is devoted to analysis of civil identity's social foundations through the actor-network theory framework. Three aspects are considered: the specific character of civic identity as a subject-object interaction between the actor and the state, the network interactions in the «real» and «virtual» spaces, social memory, social and cultural experience, socially-relevant knowledge as a basis for forming a shared social context of civic identity.
A theoretical and conceptual basis for the investigation of the subject Festive city space is proposed. Some sociological approaches to the analysis of urban space are covered. All the material is systematized and subdivided according to three aspects of looking at social space: the space of social actors interactions; the structure of status positions; the connection of geographic space and social meanings that are attached to it.