История рабства как«аттракцион» для туриста (Рец. на кн.: Slavery, Contested Heritage, and Thanatourism / Eds. G.M.S. Dann, A.V.Seaton. N.Y.: Routledge, 2015)
This article deals with the urgent legislative and criminological issues of combating trafficking of human beings. The author analyzes principal trends in slavery legislation, transformation of slavery from legal economic activity to criminal activity, and also gives a brief overview of slavery and trafficking of human beings as a social phenomenon. Main subjects of the article are Russian legislature on trafficking of human beings, its issues and drafting, comparison of the Russian criminal law on trafficking of human beings (art. 1271, 1272 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation) with corresponding propositions of the civil law of the Russian Federation (sale-purchase, permutation etc.). In the final part the article gives examples of actual legal norms, taken from legislature of the countries, leading in the process of combating trafficking of human beings (such as USA and countries of the European Union), and describes the current condition of the Russian legislature on trafficking of human beings and its expected efficiency.
This article reviews the institutional economics researches of slavery and serfdom. The exploration of the comparative institutional advantages and disadvantages of forced labor enriches various historical studies. On the example of the Great Princedom of Moscow, author considers reasons for establishment of the serfdom and how it affected the distribution of welfare.
The paper discusses essential features of memorial commemoration of the Civil War of 1861–1865 and Emancipation in the USA in the late 19th – early 21st centuries in monuments, cemeteries, museums, etc. The author shows how the differences in memorial representations of these key events in the nation’s history manifest dynamic but persisting to this day discrepancies in the historical memory of them in the US North and South.
Discover Târnave Valley and its medieval monuments with a guide-book which will lead your steps, eyes, and thoughts towards ensembles and details! Gather in your soul the beuty of some monuments which make Romania and Transylvania famous! "Monumente Medievale de pe Valea Târnavelor" [Medieval Monuments on Târnave Valley] – we continue the trip started with Bucovina and Oltenia! - a well-documented text by authors who are specialists in the history of medieval art and restoration; - over 700 unpublished images – aerial, interior and exterior ensembles, details of mural painting made at the scaffolding level, during restoration; - map of monuments and routes proposals; - ground plans of monuments and ensembles. 15 of the most representative medieval and cultural landmarks of the area are presented: reformed (Calvinist) church in the village of Alma, evangelical (Lutheran) churches in the villages of Aţel, Băgaciu, Biertan, Brateiu, Curciu, Dârlos, Ighişu Nou, Mălâncrav, Moşna, Nemşa, Richiş, and Şmig, as well as the main examples of religious and secular architecture in the towns of Mediaş and Sighişoara. Together with architecture and sculpture, there are presented also the mural paintings which – most often than not – embellish these buildings, as well as the objecst with artistic and historical value (winged altarpieces, furniture, liturgical inventory, etc.) housed inside.
This article analyzes the advantages and disadvantages of different legal regimes of economic activities by the example of restoration of cultural heritage. The article deals with possibility of compulsory self-regulation of restoration activities as the most promising legal regime of regulation and control. The authors give recommendations on the transition from the licensing of restoration of cultural heritage to the establishment of mandatory self-regulation in this business.