Cosmology of John Damascene and Its Antique Context
The article is devoted to the cosmology of St. John Damascene. The relevant ideas of the antique geocentric teachings in cosmology and philosophy of nature are summarized and proximity of Damascene’s views to these teachings is estimated. My conclusion is the cosmology presented in Damascene is the result of combining the elements of Platonic, Aristotelian and Stoic teachings, with the prevalence of the Aristotelian line. The idea of the presence of influence of the Ptolemaic cosmology in the cosmology of John Damascene is rejected.
This is the first critical edition of the Liber particularis by Michael Scot, a latin cosmological treatise, second part of his monumental Liber introductorius, 1220–1235 ca. The edition is based on ms Bodl. Canon. Misc. 555, collated with mss Vaticano BAV Rossi IX 11 and Milano Ambrosiana L 92 Sup, in order to give to the modern reader a version that had circulated in Italy, in a relatively fixed form, in the first half of the XIIIth century. In the Introduction I give essential data on the mss of the Liber particularis, its place in the work of Michael Scot and in the intellectual context of the Frederick II’s court, and a preliminary attempt inscribing it in the progress of knowledge in the West in the first half of the XIIIth century.
This is the first commented critical edition of two Latin treatises by Michael Scot, astrologer and translator at the court of Frederick II, first third of XIIIth century. It is provided by an extensive historical and philological introduction.
Mathematical models of failure rate of refusals the elements applied in calculations of reliability of the onboard electronic equipment are considered. Possibility of application the models given in foreign standards, for forecasting of reliability of completing elements is shown.
In this article I compare the views on the harmony of the world of two thinkers acitve in South Italy in the first third of the XIIIth century: astrologer and translator Michael Scot and poet Gregory of Holy Mountain, abbot of Santissima Trinità on Gargano.
This article is an attempt to demonstrate how the human body became protagonist in anthropological and cosmological discourse, in 12th and 13th centuries. Several texts and genres were taken into account. Some of them are well known and influenced further development in the West, like literary and philosophical texts of Chartres (first half of the 12th century), the Misery of human condition by the cardinal Lotario de Segni, future Innocent III (1195). Others were mostly known as travelling subjects and motives: it is the case of the battle of the belly, story of a tumult of organs against the tyranny of the stomach, that appears firstly in Antiquity and became popular again around 1200. The Latin poem De ventre delivers the most reach and elaborated satiric version of the subject and, thus, gives a kind of axis for the whole reflection in this article. Finally, the author explores a less known treatise Moral Rhetoric on the Functions of Members, composed by the chaplain of Clement IV (1265-1268). It is preserved in five manuscripts and deserves a critical edition.
This book is concerned with problems of medieval cosmology, anthropology and science in general.
This chapter is devoted to theological ideas of the astrologer Michael Scot, active at the court of Frederick II, ca. 1230.
The problem of providing the population of Russia with food is being addressed by all economic entities concerned with its solution, including the owners and managers of enterprises-representatives of ministries and departments, academic economists. They see the solution of this problem in the establishment of an adequate mechanism of functioning of agrarian production branches, which would influence these branches and thus increase their effectiveness. However, the existing developments and the utilized mechanism are not perfect and do not reflect the ability to significantly improve the situation in the field of agriculture. In this regard, a task of improving the existing mechanism by focusing its action on the radical improvement of the situation in agriculture remains relevant. The improvement process is not simple. It implies a coherent implementation of the following stages: study of the existing developments of the mechanism of agriculture for their presence; characteristics of the features of the selected criteria and the internal structure of the mechanism elements; classification of these developments according to research purposes and elements included in the mechanism; identification of the shortcomings of the created models using the evaluation of the rational correlation of internal components; justification of the choice of the areas of improvements based on the establishment of classification groups of the mechanism models. This publication implements the named steps that aim to improve the mechanism of functioning of agriculture.
A method based on the spectral analysis of thermowave oscillations formed under the effect of radiation of lasers operated in a periodic pulsed mode is developed for investigating the state of the interface of multilayered systems. The method is based on high sensitivity of the shape of the oscillating component of the pyrometric signal to adhesion characteristics of the phase interface. The shape of the signal is quantitatively estimated using the correlation coefficient (for a film–interface system) and the transfer function (for multilayered specimens).