Одо Марквард. В защиту способности к одиночеству
The article is a statement of lecture, which was hold on the Radio Free Berlin (Sender Freies Berlin) in 1983. It was published in the collection of Marquards’ papers “Skepticism and agreement” (Skepsis und Zustimmung). The articles of this collection specify and evolve the position, which was fist articulated in the work “Farewell to Matters of Principle” (Abschied vom Prinzipiellen). The lecture “In Defense of the Power Solitude” is addressed to a broad audience. Therefore the author doesn’t indicate his main opponents. Nevertheless, there is a polemic with Jürgen Habermas theory of communicative action and Theodor Adorno critical theory. In contrast to the critical theory the author states, that trouble of modernity isn’t the solitude, but the lack of capability to the solitude.
In the first part of the article the author deals with the sociocultural premises, because of which solitude becomes inevitable phenomena of modernity. In the second part he describes, how modern citizens try to avoid the solitude, and points out, that these attempts could produce opposite results. The third part presents detailed argumentation for the statement, according to which it is useless to try to avoid solitude. On the contrary, it should be accepted, at least as much as it helps to make a distance, which is necessary for a sober assessment of reality. This conclusion is reflected in the fourth, final part, where the author indicates the phenomena, which couldn’t save from the solitude, but contribute to the formation of the culture of capability to the solitude.