Экзистенциальный подход в современной психологии личности
The paper traces the interrelationships between existential psychology and mainstream academic psychology of personality in history and in our days. The critical points of their intersection are traced: “nonclassical breakthrough” of the late 1920s-early 1930s, “humanistic revolution” of the 1960s and the subsequent transformation of psychological science in the 1970s, birth and growth of positive psychology in the 2000s. The analysis reveals growing convergence of these two lines which took the most pointed shape recently, along with the growing challenge of uncertainty in the present-day world. The basis for the integration of existential psychology into academic science is the emerging “functional paradigm” of psychological explanation, based on the primacy of non-stop autoregulated individual-world interaction that presents an alternative to the reactive-dispositional paradigm that has been prevailing in psychology through the 20th century.