Исследования олимпийского волонтерства
Today in Russia a number of initiatives to involve citizens in the volunteer activities of NGOs at the federal level exist. One of the most striking examples is sports volunteering – the Olympic volunteer movement and the Sochi 2014 Volunteer Training Centers. Nine years before the 2014 Sochi Winter Olympic Games, Volunteer Training Centers were installed as nonprofit organizations. Their structure was transformed into the Association of Volunteer Centers of Russia. In recent years, Russia has hosted several major international events that have all involved volunteers. To improve programs for working with volunteers and to increase the number of volunteers and the quality of their work, it is necessary to have information about the motivation and expectations of volunteers, the result of their work, and how they use their volunteer experience. The program initiated to train and educate the volunteers for the 2014 Sochi Olympic Games has turned out to be very useful. The program has measures to support and motivate volunteers of the Olympic and Paralympic Games.
The rise of private donations, both in Russia and abroad, has become a leading factor in the formation of the nonprofits’ resource base. A considerable number of studies have looked into socio-demographic factors positively associated with charity, such as age, education and income level. This paper explicitly targets the association between parental volunteering and the participation of children in charitable donations as they grow up. The study draws on the results of an All-Russia Representative Survey (N=1,200). The results of the survey provide solid evidence supporting the conclusion about a significant and positive relationship between volunteering and charitable giving in the context of intergenerational transmission. The results of the regression analysis demonstrate stability with the change of the model specification and a set of control variables. This paper confirms prior findings by international scholars about the twofold effect of parental volunteering: parents who volunteer are more likely to have children who also volunteer, and parents who volunteer are more likely to have children who donate. The conclusions of this study reinforce prior research that established the effect of volunteering on charity. The insights generated from the analysis of the relationship between parental volunteering and children’s charitable giving have implications for better understanding of factors that influence charitable giving. The paper has immediate practice relevance for nonprofits. Considering the results of this research, nonprofits can develop long-term fundraising strategies, including programs that allow both parents and children to participate in volunteering.
The paper focuses on the role of family in forming the consistency of vol-unteering traditions in contemporary Russia. The paper investigated the correlation between parental volunteering and the current volunteering of their children. International studies indicate that family impact on chil-dren’s attitude towards volunteering is a significant channel of intergenera-tional transmission of prosocial behavioral patterns. One of the viewpoints that draws on the social learning theory (A. Bandura), posits that children model their prosocial behavior, such as volunteering, on the direct example of their parents. Another viewpoint pertaining to the resource theory links the transmission of volunteerism with the transmission of parental social status. Social status transmission can be accompanied by normative pres-sure since a higher socio-economic status is associated with unpaid vol-untary contribution for the benefit of society. The key hypothesis of the research proposes that in Russia, where volunteerism still has not taken root as a sociocultural norm and is not associated with the transmission of social status, the transmission of volunteerism is mostly due to direct fam-ily influence and is particularly due to the influence of parental volunteer-ing. The paper presents the results of the All-Russia Representative Survey, which confirm the above hypothesis. Using a linear probability model and the logit model, we show that in Russia, active parental volunteering is likely to be strongly and significantly associated with the respondents’ cur-rent volunteering. The results demonstrate stability with the change of the model specification and a set of control variables. The paper has important practical implications for nonprofit organizations on how to engage vol-unteers of different generations by developing family volunteer programs. Such programs could facilitate early motivation of children to volunteer through direct observation and modeling of parental prosocial behavior.
Purpose – This paper explores the factors that are associated with a capacity of non-profits to develop social innovations. The study aims to examine factors in the Russian national context with weak non-profit sector with an ambiguous governmental policy toward the sector.
Design/methodology/approach – The study is based on survey data (n=850 NPOs, 2015, Russia). The paper analyses the likelihood of a non-profit to introduce social innovations due to external framework and organisational factors. Regression analysis was applied in the study.
The study is based on a new sampling approach and examines non-profits as producers of social innovations, but not cases of social innovations per se.
Findings – The results demonstrate that the capacity of an NPO to develop social innovations is explained by the following enabling factors: cross-boundary collaborative relations, volunteer involvement, and diversity of the revenue structure. Composition of innovative sub-sector, opportunities and chances of getting into this group are explicitly determined and regulated by the current governmental policy towards the sector. That is that large and established non-profits are more likely to be innovative in Russia, unlike expected grass-roots.
Originality/value – The paper applies a theoretical framework to analyse the social innovation concept in a non-Western context with weak civil society and an influential government. From this perspective the results present empirical quantitative verification of the determinants of social innovation capacity of NPOs. The paper is among the first to apply a reverse sampling principle and examine social innovations via NPOs as producers. The paper produced, for the first time, an empirical description of the nature of innovative activity by NPOs and an estimation of the extent of this activity in Russia.
This article is talking about state management and cultural policy, their nature and content in term of the new tendency - development of postindustrial society. It mentioned here, that at the moment cultural policy is the base of regional political activity and that regions can get strong competitive advantage if they are able to implement cultural policy successfully. All these trends can produce elements of new economic development.