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Article

О дискурсивных режимах использования оценочных слов и выражений

Баранов А. Н.

The paper discusses different modes of evaluation in Russian. Evaluation is considered as a speech act based on a cognitive procedure which has the following form: (i) evaluation of an object X as possessing a feature q consists of comparing of parameter Q with X and picking out of q as a function of Q with an argument of X; (ii) the feature q presupposes recommendations for decision making in connection with an object X. Cognitive procedure of description of an object X as possessing of a feature q doesn’t presupposes any recommendation for decision making. In some discursive modes semantics of evaluation lose its influence force oratleastitgettingweaker. Discursivemodeisdefinedas a sphere of functioning of speech forms in discourse, in which their meaning regularly changed. Different discourses allow different kinds of discursive modes. In the paper  are discussed the following discursive modes, which modify evaluation force: irony, language game, common nomination, indefinite reference.