Проблемы экологической безопасности России в свете концепции "зеленого" роста
The article considers some basic issues of environmental safety of Russia and some other countries. It is shown that to a significant degree the reasons of many environmental issues have anthropogenic origin. Taking into account environmental situation in the Russian Federation environmental safety becomes the most significant component of national security in connection with the necessity of ensuring human health and well-being, as well as consideration of environmental aspects in economic policy of the country when economic development and environmental issues can no longer be considered separately. At present, the need for consideration of ongoing climate change has a special importance for ensuring environmental safety of the country along with full consideration of the importance of natural capital in the system of national accounts of Russia. The article also touches upon the main aspects of the concepts of “green economy” and “green growth” that represent a fundamental idea of modern sustainable development, as well as a set of measures proposed within the green growth strategy that might adjusted to the national context of the Russian Federation. It is also shown that wide application of environmentally safe and resource-efficient technologies, low-waste and wasteless production, re-use and recycling of wastes and materials as a source of raw materials in the economy become conditions for ensuring environmental safety of Russia. The authors also analyze the experience and ensuring environmental safety of some OECD member-countries in the light of “green economy” concept and consider possibilities for applying that experience for ensuring environmental safety of Russia on the basis of comprehensive integration of environmental considerations in economic policy of the country.The article also contains recommendations on the alignment of legislative base of the country with requirements of green economy.