On the deductive security of queries to confidential databases in cloud computing systems
We study some simple models of confidential databases in cloud computing systems. In the framework of these models we introduce a concept of deductive security for queries to such databases, find necessary and sufficient conditions of deductive security, and describe some classes of queries which satisfy these requirements.
Widespread acceptance and adoption of cloud computing calls for adaptation and development of existing risk assessment models of information systems. The approach suggested in this article can be used for risk assessment of information systems functioning on the basis of cloud computing technology, and assess the effectiveness of security measures.
Almost all of the technologies that are now part of the cloud paradigm existed before, but so far the market has not been proposals that bring together emerging technologies in a single commercially attractive solution. However, in the last decade, there were public cloud services, through which these technologies, on the one hand, available to the developer, and on the other - it is clear to the business community. But many of the features that make cloud computing attractive, may be in conflict with traditional models of information security.
Due to the fact that cloud computing bring with them new challenges in the field of information security, it is imperative for organizations to control the process of information risk management in the cloud. In this article on the basis of Common Vulnerability Scoring System, allowing to determine the qualitative indicator of exposure to vulnerabilities of information systems, taking into account environmental factors, we propose a method of risk assessment for different types of cloud deployment environments.
Information Risk Management, determine the applicability of cloud services for the organization is impossible without understanding the context in which the organization operates and the consequences of the possible types of threats that it may face as a result of their activities. This paper proposes a risk assessment approach used in the selection of the most appropriate configuration options cloud computing environment from the point of view of safety requirements. Application of risk assessment for different types of deployment of cloud environments will reveal the ratio counter possible attacks and to correlate the amount of damage to the total cost of ownership of the entire IT infrastructure of the organization.
A model for organizing cargo transportation between two node stations connected by a railway line which contains a certain number of intermediate stations is considered. The movement of cargo is in one direction. Such a situation may occur, for example, if one of the node stations is located in a region which produce raw material for manufacturing industry located in another region, and there is another node station. The organization of freight traﬃc is performed by means of a number of technologies. These technologies determine the rules for taking on cargo at the initial node station, the rules of interaction between neighboring stations, as well as the rule of distribution of cargo to the ﬁnal node stations. The process of cargo transportation is followed by the set rule of control. For such a model, one must determine possible modes of cargo transportation and describe their properties. This model is described by a ﬁnite-dimensional system of diﬀerential equations with nonlocal linear restrictions. The class of the solution satisfying nonlocal linear restrictions is extremely narrow. It results in the need for the “correct” extension of solutions of a system of diﬀerential equations to a class of quasi-solutions having the distinctive feature of gaps in a countable number of points. It was possible numerically using the Runge–Kutta method of the fourth order to build these quasi-solutions and determine their rate of growth. Let us note that in the technical plan the main complexity consisted in obtaining quasi-solutions satisfying the nonlocal linear restrictions. Furthermore, we investigated the dependence of quasi-solutions and, in particular, sizes of gaps (jumps) of solutions on a number of parameters of the model characterizing a rule of control, technologies for transportation of cargo and intensity of giving of cargo on a node station.
Event logs collected by modern information and technical systems usually contain enough data for automated process models discovery. A variety of algorithms was developed for process models discovery, conformance checking, log to model alignment, comparison of process models, etc., nevertheless a quick analysis of ad-hoc selected parts of a journal still have not get a full-fledged implementation. This paper describes an ROLAP-based method of multidimensional event logs storage for process mining. The result of the analysis of the journal is visualized as directed graph representing the union of all possible event sequences, ranked by their occurrence probability. Our implementation allows the analyst to discover process models for sublogs defined by ad-hoc selection of criteria and value of occurrence probability
Existing approaches suggest that IT strategy should be a reflection of business strategy. However, actually organisations do not often follow business strategy even if it is formally declared. In these conditions, IT strategy can be viewed not as a plan, but as an organisational shared view on the role of information systems. This approach generally reflects only a top-down perspective of IT strategy. So, it can be supplemented by a strategic behaviour pattern (i.e., more or less standard response to a changes that is formed as result of previous experience) to implement bottom-up approach. Two components that can help to establish effective reaction regarding new initiatives in IT are proposed here: model of IT-related decision making, and efficiency measurement metric to estimate maturity of business processes and appropriate IT. Usage of proposed tools is demonstrated in practical cases.