Мониторинг и моделирование основных тенденций развития научной деятельности в России
The article is devoted to the study of the development of information and communication technologies (ICT) in Russia, analyzed main indicators, trends of their development and structure. Considerable attention is paid to Russia's position in international rankings of competitiveness. Using multivariate classification methods are highlighted in homogeneous groups of regions in terms of ICT development, examines the factors that have a direct influence on the volume of sold goods (works, services) on the basis of orders received on the global information networks.
Some methodological aspects of the scientific-technical complex inventory survey are considered. The status of the material-technical base and intangible assets was analyzed. The unique stands and installations, equipment's age structure, specialized buildings and constructions were studied as part of the fixed assets. The indicators of the state of art, development and usage of the experimental base of science are presented. The institutional structure of the science, including information about innovation and integrated subdivisions of science and education are characterized.
In the paper integrated information systems for corporate planning and budgeting are considered. Four groups of practical tasks exceeding the bounds of typical functionality of special-purpose planning and budgeting information systems are allocated. Several classes of information systems (simulation, statistical analysis, financial analysis and modeling, group decision making, business intelligence), which may provide the completeness of corporate planning and budgeting are denoted as solutions complementary to special-purpose planning and budgeting systems.
In the article the classification of indicators of efficiency of scientific activity, and also the list of criteria which they should satisfy are suggested. The indicator of productivity of scientific activity used in Russia (IPSA) is analyzed and its limitation for measurement of the results of scientific activity is proved. New IPSA, the technique of their calculation and the way of calculation of the wages of the faculty on the basis of these indicators are worked out.
scientific activity, a productivity indicator, a citing index, the impact factor