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Regular version of the site

Article

Using Majorana spin-1/2 representation for the spin-boson model

Schad P., Shnirman A., Makhlin Y.

The Majorana representation for spin operators enables efficient application of field-theoretical methods for the analysis of spin dynamics. Moreover, a wide class of spin correlation functions can be reduced to Majorana correlations of the same order, simplifying their calculation. For the spin-boson model, direct application of this method in the lowest order allows for a straightforward computation of the transverse-spin correlations, however, for the longitudinal-spin correlations it apparently fails in the long-time limit. Here we indicate the reason and discuss, how this method can be used as a convenient and accurate tool for generic spin correlations. Specifically, we demonstrate that accurate results are obtained by avoiding the use of the longitudinal Majorana fermion, and that correlations of the remaining transverse Majorana fermions can be easily evaluated using an effective Gaussian action.