The adoption of federal law on "foreign agencies" is explained by the reaction of political regime on civic activity and mobilization of Russia citizens after unfair elections in 2011-2012. This argumentation based on the fear of “colored revolutions“ is transmitted by political elite. Another argument deals with international politics and justifies the pressure on NGOs financed by western foundations as a need to protect Russian sovereignty and independence from external influence. Despite of the inadequacy of these arguments their promoters probably believe in them as well as Russian citizens which support these ideas. The problem however lies not only in thread of fighting with imaginary danger. It results in disruption of NGOs activity and their performance in society and social service provision.
Questions of differentiation of the population on a level of incomes in Republic Mary El are considered. Parameters of a variation and structure of the basic monetary incomes are analyses. Classification of administrative areas on the parameters describing incomes of the population is lead. The analysis of territorial distinctions of the population on levels of incomes is given. For more in-depth study of interrelation of the parameters describing differentiation of incomes of the population of Republic, on everyone allocated cluster are constructed regression models of a degree of influence of the parameters reflecting age structure of the population on a level of monthly average wages, pensions and social payments.
The paper is focused on the changing role of nonprofit organizations in welfare provision under conditions of welfare transformation in contemporary Russia. The evidences of shrinking role of the state in providing social services have been found in Russia as well. Russian government introduced administrative reform which aims to accomplish deregulation of the market, outsourcing and delegation of social provision to the nonprofit sector and commercial organizations. The research is exploring the neoliberal tendencies and their impact on the role of NGOs in social provision and development of the nonprofit sector as a whole. Federal government expects social NGOs to assist in social policy and provision of certain services for social groups in need (children, women, veterans, disabled etc). The paper explores variety of state funding for social services delivered by NGOs and assess its possibilities and limitations in the case of Saint Petersburg.