Берестяные грамоты из новгородских раскопок 2015 г.
The article is a preliminary publication of the birchbark letters found in Novgorod during the archeological season of 2015.
This series of notes deals with several lexical, grammatical and phonetic phenomena in birchbark letters and in two Old Russian inscriptions. Some refinements to prior interpretations are proposed, and, in addition, some novel solutions.
The 12th volume of the series contains the texts of Novgorod birch-bark documents N 916-1062 unearthed in the course of the excavations of 2001-2014, as well as those found in Staraya Russa (N 37-45). Most of the published documents originate from the Troicky excavation site and are dated to the 12th century. The core of the volume is formed by the documents from the estate Ж, where the concentration of birch-bark letters is significantly higher than at any other medieval Novgorod estate explored so far. Of special importance are two deposits: financial and economic records of Yakim (second half of the 12th century) comprising the largest set of document written by one hand, and correspondence of Luke, Ivan and Snovid (mid 12th century) containing fine examples of Early Rus’ merchants’ correspondence. The texts of the documents are published with comprehensive linguistic and historical commentary. The second part of the book contains corrections to the readings and interpretations of the birch-bark documents published in the previous volumes of the series as well as updating of some of tables of extra-stratigraphic dating published in the 10th volume. The volume also contains a linguistic index and a list of conventional dates of the published documents.
The paper is focused on the study of reaction of italian literature critics on the publication of the Boris Pasternak's novel "Doctor Jivago". The analysys of the book ""Doctor Jivago", Pasternak, 1958, Italy" (published in Russian language in "Reka vremen", 2012, in Moscow) is given. The papers of italian writers, critics and historians of literature, who reacted immediately upon the publication of the novel (A. Moravia, I. Calvino, F.Fortini, C. Cassola, C. Salinari ecc.) are studied and analised.
In the article the patterns of the realization of emotional utterances in dialogic and monologic speech are described. The author pays special attention to the characteristic features of the speech of a speaker feeling psychic tension and to the compositional-pragmatic peculiarities of dialogic and monologic text.