EVOLVING HEALTH EXPENDITURE LANDSCAPE OF THE BRICS NATIONS AND PROJECTIONS TO 2025
Global health spending share of low/middle income countries its long-term growth. BRICS nations remain to be major drivers of such change since 1990-s.
The monograph explains the position of BRICS in the international legal space of the modern world and analyzes the legal format of cooperation between member states.
Special attention is given to the conceptual framework for the development of BRICS and its interaction with other subjects of international law, priorities and pros- pects for strengthening its positions in the emerging polycentric world.
The monograph is aimed at scientists, legal practitioners and experts, representa- tives of international organizations, state bodies, business people and all those who are interested in in the integration processes of the formation of BRICS.
Africa can engage with BRICS to achieve trade and sustainable development goals.
The global community confronts a comprehensive and interconnected array of compelling economic, development and security challenges which require effective global governance. At the centre of world governance stand the new plurilateral summit institutions; the G8 and G20, and UN summits on subjects such as sustainable development and climate change. Many observers and participants regard the performance of these summits as inadequate and doubt their ability to cope with increasingly complex and numerous global challenges. This book critically examines how effectively central global institutions comply with their commitments and how their effectiveness can be improved through accountability measures designed to raise compliance and deliver better results. Expert contributors assess compliance and accountability at the key global institutions to provide an important resource for policymakers and scholars in political science, governance and accountability.
The life course is becoming more flexible and more amenable to personal adjustment for contemporary youth. The process and timing of entering adulthood is expanding due to longer education and the search for oneself. Young people in contemporary Russia do not rush to acquire social statuses that were once so desirable in Soviet times, i.e. that of a parent, employee, and family person. Today, prestige is based on acquiring a good education and career, processes on which they are betting (Blum et al., 2009: 158–159).
Young people also have very specific demands for quality: quality of life, quality of intimate relations, and quality of parenting. All of this has motivated young people to ceaselessly look for an appropriate job, home, partner, and to invest in their children, preferring quality to quantity.
Efficient family-planning tools have separated marital, reproductive, and sexual behavior, transforming these into three different spheres of self-fulfillment. All of these stages, now stretched out through time, reflect individual needs and perspectives. The increasing dispersal of timing of marital relations and childbearing reveals that young people are postponing important demographic events further and further.
Russians have only recently acquired the opportunity to efficiently manage the most prolific period of their lives — youth. They attempt to start planning their lives as early as possible and to construct it sequentially in a personally tailored way.
The author analyzes regulation of anti-corruption compliance in BRICS countries and application of these norms in companies. He also gives general overview of main obligations of companies, requirements for the development of the Code of business ethics, Anti - corruption policy, main anti – corruption standards and procedures, the system of risk – assessment and identification of suspicious transactions.