Моделирование равновесной динамики эколого-экономической системы на примере Республики Армения
This is the first book that presents basic ideas of optimization methods that are applicable to strategic planning and operations management, particularly in the field of transportation. The material of the book covers almost all parts of optimization and is a unique reference work in the field of operations research. The author has written an invaluable manual for students who study optimization methods and their applications in strategic planning and operations management. He describes the ideas behind the methods (with which the study of the methods usually starts) and substantially facilitates further study of the methods using original scientific articles rather than just textbooks. The book is also designed to be a manual for those specialists who work in the field of management and who recognize optimization as the powerful tool for numerical analysis of the potential and of the competitiveness of enterprises. A special chapter contains the basic mathematical notation and concepts useful for understanding the book and covers all the necessary mathematical information.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.