Участие Саудовской Аравии в глобальных цепочках стоимости
Contemporary research of different international organizations such as OECD, WTO and UNCTAD concentrate more on global value chains (GVCs) analysis. The article is devoted to reasons for rising fragmentation of production in the world economy and forms of participation in GVCs, which are chosen by countries. The article demonstrates theoretical framework for various forms of integration of countries into GVCs. Furthermore, the authors present retrospective and comparative analysis of several countries' economic development within GVCs.
Nowadays research of different international economic organizations concentrate more on global value chains (GVCs) analysis. Production processes of majority of goods are not limited to the production in a single country. Furthermore, involvement in different stages of production depends on the level of technological and innovative development of the country as well as on the availability of resources. Current article is devoted to the interdependence between fundamental changes in value chain model of goods and services and governments’ foreign economic regulation system. Besides, authors analyze reasons for rising fragmentation of production in the world economy and forms of participation in global value chains. The given article demonstrates assessment of prospects for national economies within GVCs based on case-study of such countries as Japan, Taiwan, South Korea and China.
This collection of papers is a combined initiative of EPF member think tanks and is the result of two round-table discussions under the Regional Integration research stream. The first event, ‘Drivers of Regional Integration’, took place in Cape Town, 25-27 November 2014; the second, ‘Regional Integration and Regional Value Chains’ was held in Moscow, 21 May 2015.
The objective of this paper is to analyse the scope for improving empirical and methodological foundation of global value chains (GVCs) research and for making relevant political decisions, primarily through application of foresight methodology. The authors review major trends of global value chains’ development, specific features of Russia’s participation in them, and the necessary steps to increase the quality and efficiency of this participation, in particular in the changing geopolitical context. Special attention was paid to theoretical, methodological, and empirical aspects of GVC research which are far from being adequate (primarily we mean international databases such as TiVA and WIOD developed with participation of the OECD and the WTO): they need to be supplemented with advanced tools to improve their forecasting potential, and practical and strategic orientation. To this end, approaches which would make it possible to research interconnection between global processes and trends with regional and national innovation-based development tendencies become of crucial importance. Application of foresight methodology may significantly contribute to researching the GVC phenomenon, being a major logical step towards creating advanced research and policy tools to mobilise available resources and coordinate stakeholders’ actions to increase global competitiveness. The paper presents a number of case studies which describe practical application of foresight methodology to analyse Russian participation in various GVCs, by the examples of specific product and service group. The authors conclude that both full-scale foresight studies and specific components thereof could be applied for the purposes of GVC analysis, strategic planning and making political decisions.
With the development of market economy, the role of pricing policies and pricing methods used immeasurably . Control rejection of prices in the hope of his spontaneous action or unfounded use of the price mechanism acts on the financial and economic results of the organizations for the enterprise turns more or less negative consequences.
Enterprise activity in a market economy needs more detailed study of the theory of prices , their impact on the production and unwind , in particular, its intensification , the development of specific measures to improve the methods of pricing the various industry sectors in the current conditions in Russia .
Urgent problem in pricing and price regulation is currently the industry-specific accounting of goods and services , contributing to the high growth of intensification of production and improve the financial and economic results of enterprises. Studying the results of research in the oil industry shows
1. From an economic point of view the process of pricing considered by authors such as: Dzh.M.Keyns . Paul Samuelson , EJ Dolan N.D.Kondratev , VA Volkonski ET Gurvich, NV Suvorov . 2 . Insufficient development aspects such as industry-specific features pricing issues in the specific conditions of Russia, particularly in the oil industry.
As energy is becoming one of the crucial concerns in the EU, this volume provides an in-depth analysis and interdisciplinary perspective on European energy security. Given the multidimensional nature of energy security in terms of physical availability, affordability and geopolitical security, it brings together authors from different backgrounds pursuing a distinctly multidisciplinary approach. The authors' different perspectives correspond to the three sections of the book: international relations, which focuses on Eastern EU partners; energy economics, which highlights the current unconventional hydrocarbons revolution and its impact on EU energy and climate strategies; and public policy, which analyzes EU policies in the context.
The article performs a comparative analysis of the efficiency of G20, BRICS and NIC member countries’ participation in global value chains (GVC) taking into account economic growth, investment activity, global competitiveness and productivity in the period from 2000 to 2009. Efficiency is evaluated by means of the method of data envelopment analysis under constant and variable returns of scale assumptions. The comparison of the efficiency of developed and developing countries participation in GVCs is made, the leaders and outsiders in using the GVCs’ potential are revealed. For the latter the target values of the input and output parameters allowing to reach the efficiency frontier are indicated.