Участие Саудовской Аравии в глобальных цепочках стоимости
Contemporary research of different international organizations such as OECD, WTO and UNCTAD concentrate more on global value chains (GVCs) analysis. The article is devoted to reasons for rising fragmentation of production in the world economy and forms of participation in GVCs, which are chosen by countries. The article demonstrates theoretical framework for various forms of integration of countries into GVCs. Furthermore, the authors present retrospective and comparative analysis of several countries' economic development within GVCs.
Nowadays research of different international economic organizations concentrate more on global value chains (GVCs) analysis. Production processes of majority of goods are not limited to the production in a single country. Furthermore, involvement in different stages of production depends on the level of technological and innovative development of the country as well as on the availability of resources. Current article is devoted to the interdependence between fundamental changes in value chain model of goods and services and governments’ foreign economic regulation system. Besides, authors analyze reasons for rising fragmentation of production in the world economy and forms of participation in global value chains. The given article demonstrates assessment of prospects for national economies within GVCs based on case-study of such countries as Japan, Taiwan, South Korea and China.
This collection of papers is a combined initiative of EPF member think tanks and is the result of two round-table discussions under the Regional Integration research stream. The first event, ‘Drivers of Regional Integration’, took place in Cape Town, 25-27 November 2014; the second, ‘Regional Integration and Regional Value Chains’ was held in Moscow, 21 May 2015.
With the development of market economy, the role of pricing policies and pricing methods used immeasurably . Control rejection of prices in the hope of his spontaneous action or unfounded use of the price mechanism acts on the financial and economic results of the organizations for the enterprise turns more or less negative consequences.
Enterprise activity in a market economy needs more detailed study of the theory of prices , their impact on the production and unwind , in particular, its intensification , the development of specific measures to improve the methods of pricing the various industry sectors in the current conditions in Russia .
Urgent problem in pricing and price regulation is currently the industry-specific accounting of goods and services , contributing to the high growth of intensification of production and improve the financial and economic results of enterprises. Studying the results of research in the oil industry shows
1. From an economic point of view the process of pricing considered by authors such as: Dzh.M.Keyns . Paul Samuelson , EJ Dolan N.D.Kondratev , VA Volkonski ET Gurvich, NV Suvorov . 2 . Insufficient development aspects such as industry-specific features pricing issues in the specific conditions of Russia, particularly in the oil industry.
As energy is becoming one of the crucial concerns in the EU, this volume provides an in-depth analysis and interdisciplinary perspective on European energy security. Given the multidimensional nature of energy security in terms of physical availability, affordability and geopolitical security, it brings together authors from different backgrounds pursuing a distinctly multidisciplinary approach. The authors' different perspectives correspond to the three sections of the book: international relations, which focuses on Eastern EU partners; energy economics, which highlights the current unconventional hydrocarbons revolution and its impact on EU energy and climate strategies; and public policy, which analyzes EU policies in the context.
Gross exports accounting is a novel sub-area of research that seeks to allocate the value added in gross trade flows to its true country and sector of origin and country or sector of destination. Various frameworks have been recently proposed to perform such decompositions. This paper presents another effort to generalise the accounting framework so that it may be easily interpreted, customised and implemented in matrix computation software. The principal contribution is therefore a relatively simple way to derive the formulae for the decomposition of cumulative value added flows embodied in international trade. The underlying accounting approach is found to be largely similar to that of [Koopman et al., 2012; Stehrer, 2013], but the block matrix formulation allows the user to simultaneously decompose all bilateral flows at the country and/or sectoral level. The refined framework is applied to describe Russia’s export performance from the global value chain perspective using the data from the World Input-Output Database (WIOD) for 2000 and 2010. According to the findings, the countries that directly receive most of Russia’s exports are not exactly those that use most of Russia’s value added. Russia’s mining sector is found to be an intrinsic part of a complex downstream value chain where it indirectly contributes value to partner exports.
The article performs a comparative analysis of the efficiency of G20, BRICS and NIC member countries’ participation in global value chains (GVC) taking into account economic growth, investment activity, global competitiveness and productivity in the period from 2000 to 2009. Efficiency is evaluated by means of the method of data envelopment analysis under constant and variable returns of scale assumptions. The comparison of the efficiency of developed and developing countries participation in GVCs is made, the leaders and outsiders in using the GVCs’ potential are revealed. For the latter the target values of the input and output parameters allowing to reach the efficiency frontier are indicated.