Entropy, desegregation, and proportional rationing
This paper with use of nationally representative data (RMLS-NRU HSE) in 2004-2012 examines the sectoral segregation between immigrant (persons with an immigration background) and native workers and its impact on earning differential in Russia. This is the first study on the micro-level in Russia about sectoral segregation and wage gap between natives and immigrants under its influence.
In this study we analyze the determinants of the choice of sector, estimate earning differences between natives and immigrants, define Duncan index of dissimilarity and measure the impact of sectoral segregation on earning differential between natives and immigrants using Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition.
The concept of weighted entropy takes into account values of different outcomes, i.e., makes entropy context-dependent, through the weight function. We analyse analogs of the Fisher information inequality and entropy-power inequality for the weighted entropy and discuss connections with weighted Lieb’s splitting inequality. The concepts of rates of the weighted entropy and information are also discussed.
Terrorism poses an undeniable threat to societies throughout the world today. Martyr terrorism, the latest growing form of terrorist activity, and arguably the most effective, has become a regular occurrence. But how has terrorist activity evolved in the last 100 years, and what are the ethical costs of terrorism? In this informative book, three philosophers, all experts in the ethics of conflict, examine the various definitions of terrorism and the nature of martyr terrorism. Through accounts of terrorist campaigns, from nineteenth century Russian terrorism, to the twentieth century campaigns in Ireland, Israel and Greece, and contemporary campaigns in Chechnya, Afghanistan and Iraq, the book explores the ethical implications of terrorism from a philosophical perspective. Setting out the social, psychological and political causes of terrorism, the book interrogates the cases for and against terrorist activity in terms of just war theory.
Paper deals with definition and types of “human shields”, limits scope of prohibition to use “human shields” in armed conflicts and defines duties of the parties of the armed conflict. It analyses different approaches to the status of “human shields” and applicability of the principle of proportionality to them.