Бенедикт Андерсон. Национальное, слишком национальное...
In Memoriam for Benedict Anderson
The main topic of this conversation – the sociological study of nation and nationalisms, proceeding from its classical authors. The first part of the interview discusses the links between nationalism and modernity as a specific social and historical formation. Then it centers on the universal mechanism of social imagination allowing individuals to relate themselves to other members of their own community. Hereinafter it discusses nationalism’s functions - political, cognitive, etc. The second framework topic is ‘Nationalism from sociological point of view’. The final part of conversation is devoted to “Imagined Communities”, the famous book written by Benedict Anderson.
In the article I try to read through the prism of the theory of performativity of one of the sources on the history of the Stalin era. At the party language, these documents were called "the questions raised by the workers at meetings, lectures, conversations". This genre of reporting, appearing in the 1920s, was widespread during the Great Patriotic war and continued to exist in subsequent periods. These documents were reports of political education among the workers and recorded the public reaction to the ongoing political action. This source allows to reveal some features of the public mood of the Stalin era, to understand the nature of political communications between the government and the population better. The reports demonstrate the views of the agitators on the political norms and deviance. Based on the analysis of the documents of the war and postwar period, we can come to certain conclusions. During the war, in the views of workers the political space of the imaginary has expanded. In the sphere of actual knowledge for workers not only enemies and allies were, but also countries such as Argentina, Turkey, Iran, China, Greece. Meanwhile, the extension of the imaginary political map was accompanied by extreme narrowing of the time perspective. This was due to the fatigue from the mobilization of the military system. Social expectations of workers increased drastically after the war. The split between expectations and saving mobilization military model created the basis for social tension and conflicts between the population and local leadership. In this connection, the conflict received some recognition in the framework of the propaganda of the institutions created by the authorities. Lectures on the international situation and campaigning activities became a platform which the worker has received a demanding voice on.
The issue of capital city relocation is a topic of debate for more than forty countries around the world. In this first book to discuss the issue, Vadim Rossman offers an in-depth analysis of the subject, highlighting the global trends and the key factors that motivate different countries to consider such projects, analyzing the outcomes and drawing lessons from recent capital city transfers worldwide for governments and policy-makers.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.