К вопросам о реформе педагогического образования
Modern technological development can lead to change both external world of human being and its internal world, subjectivity. The question «what is a human being?» is becoming now an extremely important issue. The authors suggest a hypothetical answer on this question relying on philosophical, psychological and psychotherapeutic traditions. Such psychological configurations (and processes) of human subjectivity as individual, personality, essence, Self, individuality, indivisibility (and personalization, personification, individualization, individuation) are considered systematically.
The most effective conditions for language learning in general and grammar in particular, come about when students engage in activities on a personal level.
Institutions affect investment decisions, including investments in human capital. Hence institutions are relevant for the allocation of talent. Good market-supporting institutions attract talent to productive value-creating activities, whereas poor ones raise the appeal of rent-seeking. We propose a theoretical model that predicts that more talented individuals are particularly sensitive in their career choices to the quality of institutions, and test these predictions on a sample of around 95 countries of the world. We find a strong positive association between the quality of institutions and graduation of college and university students in science, and an even stronger negative correlation with graduation in law. Our findings are robust to various specifications of empirical models, including smaller samples of former colonies and transition countries. The quality of human capital makes the distinction between educational choices under strong and weak institutions particularly sharp. We show that the allocation of talent is an important link between institutions and growth.