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Article

Мария Морозова и другие: гендерный аспект старообрядческого предпринимательства

The paper describes the role of female Old Believers in the evolution of the Russian entrepreneurship.
In the Old Believers’ environment, where it was necessary to generate funds for supporting
everyday life of the communities, for stimulation of their population growth and influence, as well
as for protection from prosecution by the authorities, women played an important role. They held
positions of prominence in entrepreneurial communities. An outstanding, but at the same time
typical representative of this type of women was M. F. Morozova (1830–1911) Following the traditions
of many Russian Old Believers entrepreneurs who, regardless of gender stuck to traditionalist
way of life at home, she was at the same time engaged in a wide range of social and charitable
activities sparing no efforts on improving the level of education of her factories’ employees and the
education standards in the country in general, and, most importantly, was very actively involved in
modernization of her huge enterprise.