Сравнительный анализ предпринимательского образования в технических университетах России и США
Entrepreneurship education is included into the innovative development programs of numerous countries. To start the large-scale entrepreneurship educational process basing on the existing educational system is comparatively difficult, as the latter is aimed at training of standard well-known skills, while entrepreneurship isn’t one of them. Currently many universities in the world. mostly technical are inventing formats and contents of the entrepreneurship educational programs. In the article the relevant programs from 20 leading technical universities in Russia and USA are compared by using the official open information. According to the results of the analysis as well as Anatoly Korotkov’s experience in the relevant field in Russia two possible ways of raising the effectiveness of Russian entrepreneurship educational programs are defined in the article.
Proceedings of the 16th International interdisciplinary scientific multiconference “Information Society”, considering topical technical and social problems of modern information society
The strive for quality enhancement of educational standards the national levels in Russia and Europe leads to the variety of Public Administration educational programs in different countries. Correspondingly, it puts to the forefront the selection of proper assessment criteria which suffice to the requirements of state authorities and international experts in the area of Public Administration. The leading organization for evaluating educational programs in public administration in the countries of the Central and Eastern Europe is the European Association for Public Administration Accreditation (EAPPA). The EAPPA criteria for assessing the quality of educational programs serve as the tools for their improvement and modernization of the national educational systems, including the CIS countries and Russia. The main purpose of the article is to analyze the criteria used for assessing the quality of Bachelor's programs and educational standards in Public Administration in Russia and the European Association for Public Administration Accreditation and to compare educational standards in the field of Public Administration in Russia, the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Poland. The outcomes of the comparative analysis of educational standards conducted by the authors has made it possible to see the evolution of quality assessment criteria implemented for PA Bachelor's programs in Russia. The authors contend that this is due to the introduction of new educational standards (2014) having eliminated a uniform approach to the content of educational programs giving the right to independently determines the content of the educational program trainings bachelors in the field of public administration. The authors propose the new content of PA educational programs in Russia targeted at the implemention of he effective international standards and multidisciplinary approach meeting the requirements of European certification and subsequent accreditation by EAPAA.
The article describes the experience of designing project-based learning courses as part of the educational program "Applied Mathematics" in MIEM NRU HSE. The features of the organization of project-based learning for educational programs for mathematical sciences are considered. The results of the annual survey of employers, concluded that the need for various forms of project-based learning to achieve the learning outcomes claimed by employers. We suppose a sequence of the project-based workshops and seminars, as well as their approximate content. An important feature of the practice-oriented courses in the educational program "Applied Mathematics" is its interdisciplinary focus, including the projects carried out in a foreign language.
The article analyzes the impact of the results of the unified state examination on the academic performance of students. We used for calculations the information of exam results and current progress for students enrolled in the HSE Moscow Institute of Electronics and Mathematicsin 2014 and 2015. Data for analysis are taken from documents of the LMS (Learning Management System) HSEMIEM. The influence of the Unified National Exam on the performance on similar items, as well as the impact of average use on academic performance at the totality of objects. Also described trends in student performance for several modules. On the basis of the conducted analysis it is concluded from the results of the exam in three subjects (mathematics, physics and Russian language) for formation of a contingent successfully successful students
Institutions affect investment decisions, including investments in human capital. Hence institutions are relevant for the allocation of talent. Good market-supporting institutions attract talent to productive value-creating activities, whereas poor ones raise the appeal of rent-seeking. We propose a theoretical model that predicts that more talented individuals are particularly sensitive in their career choices to the quality of institutions, and test these predictions on a sample of around 95 countries of the world. We find a strong positive association between the quality of institutions and graduation of college and university students in science, and an even stronger negative correlation with graduation in law. Our findings are robust to various specifications of empirical models, including smaller samples of former colonies and transition countries. The quality of human capital makes the distinction between educational choices under strong and weak institutions particularly sharp. We show that the allocation of talent is an important link between institutions and growth.