Методы управления стоимостью коммерческого банка
This paper reviews the theory of value-based management, classification of value-based management models and the main value-based management methods at the commercial bank. It is shown that value-based management models can be classified depending on: 1) used information; 2) measures of performance; 3) valuation horizon. First, we present key value drivers-based approach. In order to effectively manage shareholders’ value management should be based on key value drivers which are the main components of shareholder value and key performance indicators. In addition, we review an alternative approach based on intelligent management systems oriented to riskmanagement. The paper reviews the main international acts, regulating risk-management (FERMA Risk management standard, COSO Enterprise risk management-integrated framework, Basel II and Basel III). Fundamentally, value-based management methods are based on integration of traditional DuPont models and discounted сash flow-oriented approaches (DCF). We then analyze approaches to analysis of changes in welfare of company owners (Total Shareholder Return, TSR; Total Business Return, TBR). If TSR or TBR exceeds cost of equity, than during the reporting period there was an increase in bank value. In addition, we consider models of economic value added (EVA) and cash flow return on investment (CFROI). Proposed methods can be developed in interests of bank management tasks in the midterm
The article considers the evolution of the economic theory of the firm with the development of value based management. the authors offer a rationale for the need to study the problem of maximization of the value of the company on the basis of multistakeholder approach. the balanced scorecard in this regard can be considered as a tool of measurement of value growth.
The main driver of corporate growth in modern economy is its intellectual capital (IC). Intangible assets are heterogenous so they are usually perceived in framework of some concrete structure. But by now researchers dont' have consensus about elements of IC. The current study proposes a validation of the structure of IC on the base of value-based management.
This paper aims at explaining the differences in valuation of banking firms in Russia through the impact of selected elements of corporate governance. We rely upon value-based management theory to test the hypothesis that expenses on corporate governance system create shareholder value. The price at which share stakes are acquired by strategic foreign investors is for us a criterion of market-proven value, so we use the standard valuation tool, i.e. price-to-book-value of equity (P/BV) multiple, as the dependent variable. The set of corporate governance parameters whose materiality for a would-be external investor we would like to test includes: the degree of concentration of ownership and control; maturity of corporate governing bodies; degree of Board independence; qualification of external auditors; stability of governing bodies (Management Board and Board of Directors); and availability of external credit ratings from the world’s leading rating agencies. We test our approach on a sample of acquisition deals and public offerings over the period 2004-2008 that we develop for the first time. Firstly, we find out which factors are statistically significant and relevant to a bank’s selling price. Secondly, a least squares multiple linear regression model is devised to check how each individual variable impacts the dependent variable. We discover that external investors attach value to high concentration of ownership, external credit rating coverage, stability of the Board of Directors, and involvement of well-established external auditors. Investors of a strategic nature tend to pay a higher acquisition premium. Independence of the Board of Directors might be perceived by external strategic investors as a disadvantage and might destroy shareholder value.
Purpose - This paper presents a framework that is developed for analysis of intellectual capital transformation into companies’ value, including an identification of the key factors of this process.
Design/methodology/approach - The paper employs intellectual capital on the intersection of value-based management (VBM) and the resource-based view (RBV). Starting from a review of the results provided in the literature regarding intellectual capital (IC) evaluation and its link with firm performance, a system of proxy indicators related to IC transformation in both concepts has been designed. The evaluation ability of the developed model was justified using regression analyses.
Findings - A detailed algorithm for intellectual capital evaluation in terms of input–outcome transformation. The Intellectual Capital Transformation Evaluating Model (ICTEM) provides a holistic view of intellectual resources as companies’ strategic investments.
Research limitations/implications - The paper emphasizes that the ICTEM framework could be mostly applied for the analysis of a firm as a typical representative of the industry or the country. In that sense it is not applicable for specific feature analysis of a company.
Practical implications - The paper highlights the ICTEM as a tool of investment decisions, mostly taking into account common trends, the prospects of industries, and economies’ development.
Originality/value - The ICTEM provides the ostensive framework of intellectual capital transformation analysis using a statistical approach.
In the article the tendency of development of interaction of bank and insurance business, modern lines of the banking insurance are considered. Also we estimate the influence of different channels on credit card sales.
The level of corporate diversification is one of the most important decisions that management makes. The diversification strategy has its benefits and costs. According to the principles of corporate finance the efficiency of diversification strategy is always assessed by its impact on shareholder value. The article discusses the main value-creating and value-destroying drivers of diversified firms.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.