Author discusses the most important and controversial issues associated with the project of educational standards for high school: a paradigm shift from "vseobuch" to "actionism", the need for teacher retraining, the changing nature of public control over the school and also the question of when new standards should be the implemented. Special attention is paid to the basic curriculum: subjects studied at a basic or advanced level; the need to reduce the number of existing subjects; rationality of the choice of subjects, which are assumed to be compulsory by the standards. Author also notices that one of the strengths of the new standards is moral and personal development of students.
The article focuses on problems of key competences identification of university graduates in the view of existing approaches to definitions of “competence” and “key competence”. The authors consider the results of self-identification of key competences by university graduates and found out the more important groups of competences.
The article shows the need for a fundamentally new mechanism for
managing the development of labor potential of the innovation economy. The author describes the innovative labor potential which is based on scientific and human resources, and reveals the innovative features of β-labor, and determines the specificity of creative abilities of the individual. The article emphasizes the importance of the institutional environment for the development of innovative labor potential. In particular the author concerns such an efficient organizational form as a scientific and educational center.
A retrospective analysis of the scientific-educational centers formed on the basis of the Program “Fundamental Research and Education” as well as analysis of scientific and educational centers supported by the Federal Target Program “Research and scientific-pedagogical cadres of Innovative Russia” for 2009–2013 were represented. Based on the South Korean model of integration of science, education and industry in the preparation of innovative personnel (in the Korean Polytechnic University) the author provides advice on effective use of foreign experience of training innovative personnel in the implementation of competency approach to education in scientific-educational centers.
Institutions affect investment decisions, including investments in human capital. Hence institutions are relevant for the allocation of talent. Good market-supporting institutions attract talent to productive value-creating activities, whereas poor ones raise the appeal of rent-seeking. We propose a theoretical model that predicts that more talented individuals are particularly sensitive in their career choices to the quality of institutions, and test these predictions on a sample of around 95 countries of the world. We find a strong positive association between the quality of institutions and graduation of college and university students in science, and an even stronger negative correlation with graduation in law. Our findings are robust to various specifications of empirical models, including smaller samples of former colonies and transition countries. The quality of human capital makes the distinction between educational choices under strong and weak institutions particularly sharp. We show that the allocation of talent is an important link between institutions and growth.