Межстрановой сравнительный анализ практики дивидендных выплат: российский и зарубежный опыт
At the end of the past century, a new type of anomaly associated with a higher return on high-yield shares was discovered on the American stock market. Since then the effectiveness of high-dividend strategies has been investigated by many authors based not only on US market, but also on other markets. The results of the studies were contradictory, that’s why it would be interesting to test the strategy over a longer time period taking into account the largest possible number of national indexes. We made a comparative analysis of the effectiveness of high-dividend strategies based on 38 indexes from 32 countries and economies and find some new factors affecting the profitability of high-dividend portfolios.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.