Институциональная среда государственно-частного партнерства: опыт Пермского края
The paper is dedicated to analysis of institutional environment of public-private partnership (PPP). Research aims to evaluate the development of the institutional environment of PPPs in Perm region. For this purpose, the recommendations of regional PPP standard (developed by the Centre for Development of PPP in conjunction with the Ministry of Economic Development of Russian Federation) were compared to the realities in the region. The information of the current situation in Perm region was obtained through the analysis of legal acts and data placed in the official sources in public domain. In order to identify the institutional environment, which provides the benefits of public-private partnerships, regional legal framework and integration of PPP in the regional strategic planning documents were analyzed. Also the way public administration system is organized in the field of PPP and measures to stimulate private sector for PPP were inspected. The results of the analysis can be used by public authorities of Perm Region as recommendations in order to stimulate the development of PPPs.
This work is an attempt to explain an enigma of the Russian economy's debarterization which took place in the beginning of the XXI century in the context of institutional-and-macroeconomic analysis of the structure of payments' system. This system is treated as the important part of an institutional environment. Debarterization is explained by a combination of long economic expansion, increasing «money supply/GDP» ratio and growing credit activity of the banks, and also administrative and tax pressing of the government. Nevertheless, the Russian payments' system is basically different from the Western one. The main measured differences are low «money supply/GDP» ratio, high «cash money/total money supply» ratio, an absence of M3 and M4 aggregates. The main causes of this underdevelopment of the payments' system are ineffective enforcement of the contracts by the state, high administrative barriers to entry, a lack of mutual trust, big shadow sector. The main consequences are narrow possibilities for financing both expensive (and long-lived) investment projects and innovative activity.
The paper presents an approach to quantitative estimation of socio-economic benefits from oil extraction (in the US). The approach explicitly distinguishes the contribution of non-institutional and institutional factors. Calculations show that in the United States the influence and dynamics of institutional factors are related to steady deterioration of natural conditions of oil extraction. In general, the US resource regime can be called stimulating, as is evidenced by a small proportion of adverse effects due to preservation of residual oil.
Monograph contains of a comprehensive research in the field of managing development system of national and international transport corridors (ITC) and devoted to the urgent, but relatively poorly understood and insufficiently covered in the scientific and academic publications the problems of strategic planning, logistics infrastructure and the formation of integrated transport and logistic systems, the organization of multi - and intermodal transportation of cargo in containers to ensure the implementation of export-import and transit potential of Russia in the global system of ITC.
The monograph consists of four interrelated sections. The first section analyzes the history of development and current state of European and Asian ITC passing through the territory of Russia. It is shown that the role of Russia in the development of transit flows of goods in the global system of ITC is prior. The second section is devoted to multi-modal and intermodal freight technologies of the system - and goods movement on the ITC. It addresses the organizational and technological features and the classification of multimodal transport of goods, development trends of intermodal freight containers, justified by the benefits of inter - and multi-modal transportation technologies and their economic efficiency. The main part of the monograph is the third section, in which great attention is paid to strategies for creating major transportation hubs and ports core network of terminal facilities and logistics centers and the formation of integrated transport and logistics systems in the areas of attraction for national and international transport corridors. The final fourth section is devoted to the geopolitical and practical issues of formation in Russia of international transport corridors and issues of national security Russia. The book is designed for a wide range of employees, managers and entrepreneurs of transportation, freight forwarding, industrial and commercial companies, academics and experts in the field of transport economics, foreign trade activities, logistics, distribution and logistics of transport, it can be used by federal and regional governments, researchers, teachers, postgraduates and students of higher educational institutions and economic profile.
The paper analyzes the classical and neoclassical assumptions concerning the effect of the natural and the institutional environments on the comparative welfare of various countries. The distinction is considered between the preindustrial and industrial societies as to their natural and institutional conditions.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
The article is devoted to the study of the authoritarianism prevalent in the mass consciousness of Russians. The article describes a new approach to the consideration of the authoritarian syndrome as the effects of the cultural trauma as a result of political and socio-cultural transformation of society. The article shows the dynamics of the symptoms of the authoritarianism, which appear in the mass consciousness of Russians from 1993 to 2011. This paper proposes a package of measures aimed at reducing the level of the authoritarianism in Russian society.
This work looks at a model of spatial election competition with two candidates who can spend effort in order to increase their popularity through advertisement. It is shown that under certain condition the political programs of the candidates will be different. The work derives the comparative statics of equilibrium policy platform and campaign spending with respect the distribution of voter policy preferences and the proportionality of the electoral system. In particular, it is whown that the equilibrium does not exist if the policy preferences are distributed over too narrow an interval.
The article examines "regulatory requirements" as a subject of state control over business in Russia. The author deliberately does not use the term "the rule of law". The article states that a set of requirements for business is wider than the legislative regulation.
First, the article analyzes the regulatory nature of the requirements, especially in the technical field. The requirements are considered in relation to the rule of law. The article explores approaches to the definition of regulatory requirements in Russian legal science. The author analyzes legislation definitions for a set of requirements for business. The author concludes that regulatory requirements are not always identical to the rule of law. Regulatory requirements are a set of obligatory requirements for entrepreneurs’ economic activity. Validation failure leads to negative consequences.
Second, the article analyzes the problems of the regulatory requirements in practice. Lack of information about the requirements, their irrelevance and inconsistency are problems of the regulatory requirements in Russia.
Many requirements regulating economic activity are not compatible with the current development level of science and technology. The problems are analyzed on the basis of the Russian judicial practice and annual monitoring reports by Higher School of Economics.
Finally, the author provides an approach to the possible solution of the regulatory requirements’ problem. The author proposes to create a nationwide Internet portal about regulatory requirements. The portal should contain full information about all regulatory requirements. The author recommends extending moratorium on the use of the requirements adopted by the bodies and organizations of the former USSR government.