The brain proteome of Drosophila melanogaster was characterized by liquid chromatography/high-resolution mass spectrometry and compared to the earlier characterized Drosophila whole-body and head proteomes. Raw data for all the proteomes were processed in a similar manner. Approximately 4000 proteins were identified in the brain proteome that represented, as expected, the subsets of the head and body proteomes. However, after thorough data curation, we reliably identified 24 proteins unique for the brain proteome; 13 of them have never been detected before at the protein level. Fourteen of 24 identified proteins have been annotated as nuclear proteins. Comparison of three used datasets by label-free quantitation showed statistically significant enrichment of the brain proteome with nuclear proteins. Therefore, we recommend the use of isolated brain preparations in the studies of Drosophila nuclear proteins.
This work continues the series of the quantitative measurements of the proteins encoded by different chromosomes in the blood plasma of a healthy person. Selected Reaction Monitoring with Stable Isotope-labeled peptide Standards (SRM SIS) and a gene-centric approach, which is the basis for the implementation of the international Chromosome-centric Human Proteome Project (C-HPP), were applied for the quantitative measurement of proteins in human blood plasma. Analyses were carried out in the frame of C-HPP for each protein-coding gene of the four human chromosomes: 18, 13, Y, and mitochondrial. Concentrations of proteins encoded by 667 genes were measured in 54 blood plasma samples of the volunteers, whose health conditions were consistent with requirements for astronauts. The gene list included 276, 329, 47, and 15 genes of chromosomes 18, 13, Y, and the mitochondrial chromosome, respectively. This paper does not make claims about the detection of missing proteins. Only 205 proteins (30.7%) were detected in the samples. Of them, 84, 106, 10, and 5 belonged to chromosomes 18, 13, and Y and the mitochondrial chromosome, respectively. Each detected protein was found in at least one of the samples analyzed. The SRM SIS raw data are available in the ProteomeXchange repository (PXD004374, PASS01192).
Identification and elimination of noise peaks in mass spectra from large proteomics data streams simultaneously improves the accuracy of peptide identification and significantly decreases the size of the data. There are a number of peak filtering strategies that can achieve this goal. Here we present a simple algorithm wherein the number of highest intensity peaks retained for further analysis is proportional to the mass of the precursor ion.
This proceedings publication is a compilation of selected contributions from the “Third International Conference on the Dynamics of Information Systems” which took place at the University of Florida, Gainesville, February 16–18, 2011. The purpose of this conference was to bring together scientists and engineers from industry, government, and academia in order to exchange new discoveries and results in a broad range of topics relevant to the theory and practice of dynamics of information systems. Dynamics of Information Systems: Mathematical Foundation presents state-of-the art research and is intended for graduate students and researchers interested in some of the most recent discoveries in information theory and dynamical systems. Scientists in other disciplines may also benefit from the applications of new developments to their own area of study.