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## Buchstaber invariant, minimal non-simplices and related topics

Buchstaber invariant is a numerical characteristic of a simplicial complex, arising from torus actions on moment-angle complexes. In the paper we study the relation between Buchstaber invariants and classical invariants of simplicial complexes such as bigraded Betti numbers and chromatic invariants. The following two statements are proved. (1) There exists a simplicial complex U with different real and ordinary Buchstaber invariants. (2) There exist two simplicial complexes with equal bigraded Betti numbers and chromatic numbers, but different Buchstaber invariants. To prove the first theorem we define Buchstaber number as a generalized chromatic invariant. This approach allows to guess the required example. The task then reduces to a finite enumeration of possibilities which was done using GAP computational system. To prove the second statement we use properties of Taylor resolutions of face rings.

Let Ψ be the projectivization (i.e., the set of one-dimensional vector subspaces) of a vector space of dimension ≥ 3 over a field. Let *H* be a closed (in the pointwise convergence topology) subgroup of the permutation group GΨ of the set Ψ. Suppose that *H *contains the projective group and an arbitrary self-bijection of Ψ transforming a triple of collinear points to a non-collinear triple. It is well-known from [9] that if Ψ is finite then *H* contains the alternating subgroup AΨ of GΨ.

We show in Theorem 3.1 below that *H *= GΨ, if Ψ is infinite.

One of the key advances in genome assembly that has led to a significant improvement in contig lengths has been improved algorithms for utilization of paired reads (mate-pairs). While in most assemblers, mate-pair information is used in a post-processing step, the recently proposed Paired de Bruijn Graph (PDBG) approach incorporates the mate-pair information directly in the assembly graph structure. However, the PDBG approach faces difficulties when the variation in the insert sizes is high. To address this problem, we first transform mate-pairs into edge-pair histograms that allow one to better estimate the distance between edges in the assembly graph that represent regions linked by multiple mate-pairs. Further, we combine the ideas of mate-pair transformation and PDBGs to construct new data structures for genome assembly: pathsets and pathset graphs.

The collection represents proceedings of the XVIII international conference “Problems of Theoretical Cybernetics” (Penza, 19–23 June, 2017), that is sponsored by Russian Foundation for Basic Research (project N 17-01-20217-г). The conference subject area includes: control systems synthesis, complexity, reliability, and diagnostics; automata; computer languages and programming; graph theory; combinatorics; coding theory; theory of pattern recognition; mathematical programming and operations research, mathematical theory of intelligence systems; applied mathematical logic; functional systems theory; optimal control theory; applications of cybernetics in natural science and technology.

Consider the following one-player game. Take a well-formed sequence of opening and closing brackets (a Dyck word). As a move, the player can pair any opening bracket with any closing bracket to its right, erasing them. The goal is to re-pair (erase) the entire sequence, and the cost of a strategy is measured by its width: the maximum number of nonempty segments of symbols (separated by blank space) seen during the play.

For various initial sequences, we prove upper and lower bounds on the minimum width sufficient for re-pairing. (In particular, the sequence associated with the complete binary tree of height n admits a strategy of width sub-exponential in log n.) Our two key contributions are (1) lower bounds on the width and (2) their application in automata theory: quasi-polynomial lower bounds on the translation from one-counter automata to Parikh-equivalent nondeterministic finite automata. The latter result answers a question by Atig et al. (2016).

This volume contains a selection of contributions from the "First International Conference in Network Analysis," held at the University of Florida, Gainesville, on December 14-16, 2011. The remarkable diversity of fields that take advantage of Network Analysis makes the endeavor of gathering up-to-date material in a single compilation a useful, yet very difficult, task. The purpose of this volume is to overcome this difficulty by collecting the major results found by the participants and combining them in one easily accessible compilation.

The collection represents proceedings of the nineth international conference "Discrete Models in Control Systems Theory" that is held by Lomonosov Moscow State Uneversity and is dedicated in 90th anniversary of Sergey Vsevolodovich Yablonsky's birth. The conference subject are includes: discrete functional systems; discrete functions properties; control systems synthesis, complexity, reliability, and diagnostics; automata; graph theory; combinatorics; coding theory; mathematical methods of information security; theory of pattern recognition; mathematical theory of intellegence systems; applied mathematical logic. The conference is sponsored by Russian Foundation for Basic Research (project N 15-01-20193-г).

A model for organizing cargo transportation between two node stations connected by a railway line which contains a certain number of intermediate stations is considered. The movement of cargo is in one direction. Such a situation may occur, for example, if one of the node stations is located in a region which produce raw material for manufacturing industry located in another region, and there is another node station. The organization of freight traﬃc is performed by means of a number of technologies. These technologies determine the rules for taking on cargo at the initial node station, the rules of interaction between neighboring stations, as well as the rule of distribution of cargo to the ﬁnal node stations. The process of cargo transportation is followed by the set rule of control. For such a model, one must determine possible modes of cargo transportation and describe their properties. This model is described by a ﬁnite-dimensional system of diﬀerential equations with nonlocal linear restrictions. The class of the solution satisfying nonlocal linear restrictions is extremely narrow. It results in the need for the “correct” extension of solutions of a system of diﬀerential equations to a class of quasi-solutions having the distinctive feature of gaps in a countable number of points. It was possible numerically using the Runge–Kutta method of the fourth order to build these quasi-solutions and determine their rate of growth. Let us note that in the technical plan the main complexity consisted in obtaining quasi-solutions satisfying the nonlocal linear restrictions. Furthermore, we investigated the dependence of quasi-solutions and, in particular, sizes of gaps (jumps) of solutions on a number of parameters of the model characterizing a rule of control, technologies for transportation of cargo and intensity of giving of cargo on a node station.