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Regular version of the site

Article

Shia-Sunni Interaction in Greater Central Asia: Retrospective and Current State

Alexeev A. K.

This article deals with the Shia-Sunni interaction in north-eastern Iran (Khorasan) and Central Asia. The Sunni-Shia disputes in the area go back to the Middle Ages and after the establishment of Shia dynasty of Safawids (1501 -- 1722) in Iran and Sunni dynasty of Shaibabids (1501 -- 1601) and Ashtarkhanis (1601 -- 1785) in Mawara al-Nahr these disputes thransformed in a very intensive conflict. The current article, based on narrative sources attempts to find the true reasons of this phenomenon and to estimate its influence on history and the future of the region. The central question is that of main factor in this long-lasted conflict: whether it was a policy or a fight for the true faith and religious efforts (jihad). In this regard, overviewing of of religious communities status both of Sunni minorities in Iran and Shia in Mawara al-Nahr, became very important for this issue.