Cвязь семантических и коммуникативных свойств языковых единиц
The objective of this paper is to determine what semantic components in the meaning of a word facilitate its lexicalization as prosodically marked and aid its focalization in an utterance. The paper demonstrates that prosodic and communicative properties of a word correlate with its semantic properties. In particular, a case study of different senses of the words tol’ko ‘only’, pravda ‘true’, eshche ‘still, more’, voobshche ‘in principle, generally’, po krajnej mere ‘at least’ and some others reveals that focalization and prosodic marking in a word are triggered by the semantics of contrast, high degree, and addition. On the other hand, semantics of concession in the meaning of a word limits its ability for accentual marking and focalization. The observed correlations between semantics and prosody are confirmed by the multimedia corpus data.