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Article

«Забота» Хайдеггера, «Бытие-для-себя» Сартра и буддийская духкха: онтология негативности

Вопросы философии. 2015. № 7. С. 184-203.

This paper examines ontological strategies of Western existential philosophy (its "atheistic" current) and the Buddhist philosophical school (darsana) of madhyamaka. We can discover similar phenomenological strategies together with extreme differences in anthropology and the value purposes (personalism and deconstruction of classical European subject in the existential philosophy and radical impersonalism of Buddhism). We suppose that Heidegger, Sartre and Buddhism have comparable theories of consciousness. The madhyamaka's "sunyata" (emptiness) is comparable with Heidegger's and Sartre's "Nothingness" (though they are not absolutely similar) and we can discover primacy of negativity in both cases. We also try to substantiate that the position of madhyamaka (that created a fundamental ontology) was a radical nihilism and not scepticism contrary to the position of a number of modern buddologists. And what is also important for us is the problem of the "unhappy consciousness" (be it Buddhist "duhkha" or "Sorge" of Heidegger, or Sartre's "Nausea") and different attitudes of thinkers towards it.