О консервативных пространственных дискретизациях баротропной квазигазодинамической системы уравнений с потенциальной массовой силой
We deal with the 1d shallow water system of equations and exploit its special parabolic regularization satisfying the energy balance law. We construct a three-point symmetric in space discretization such that the discrete energy balance law holds and check that it is well-balanced. The results of numerical experiments for the associated explicit finite-difference scheme are also given for several known tests to confirm its reliability and some advantages. The practical error behavior is also analyzed.
For the quasi-gasdynamic system of equations, there holds the law of nondecreasing entropy. Difference methods based on this system have been successfully used in numerous applications and test gasdynamic computations. In theoretical terms, however, for standard spatial discretizations of this system, the nondecreasing entropy law does not hold exactly even in the onedimensional case because of the mesh imbalance terms. For the quasigasdynamic equations, a new conservative spatial discretization is proposed for which the entropy balance equation has an appropriate form and the entropy production is guaranteed to be nonnegative (which also holds in the presence of body forces and heat sources). An important element of this discretization is that it makes use of nonstandard spaceaveraging techniques, including a nonlinear “logarithmic” averaging of the density and internal energy. The results hold on arbitrary nonuniform meshes.
A model for organizing cargo transportation between two node stations connected by a railway line which contains a certain number of intermediate stations is considered. The movement of cargo is in one direction. Such a situation may occur, for example, if one of the node stations is located in a region which produce raw material for manufacturing industry located in another region, and there is another node station. The organization of freight traﬃc is performed by means of a number of technologies. These technologies determine the rules for taking on cargo at the initial node station, the rules of interaction between neighboring stations, as well as the rule of distribution of cargo to the ﬁnal node stations. The process of cargo transportation is followed by the set rule of control. For such a model, one must determine possible modes of cargo transportation and describe their properties. This model is described by a ﬁnite-dimensional system of diﬀerential equations with nonlocal linear restrictions. The class of the solution satisfying nonlocal linear restrictions is extremely narrow. It results in the need for the “correct” extension of solutions of a system of diﬀerential equations to a class of quasi-solutions having the distinctive feature of gaps in a countable number of points. It was possible numerically using the Runge–Kutta method of the fourth order to build these quasi-solutions and determine their rate of growth. Let us note that in the technical plan the main complexity consisted in obtaining quasi-solutions satisfying the nonlocal linear restrictions. Furthermore, we investigated the dependence of quasi-solutions and, in particular, sizes of gaps (jumps) of solutions on a number of parameters of the model characterizing a rule of control, technologies for transportation of cargo and intensity of giving of cargo on a node station.
This proceedings publication is a compilation of selected contributions from the “Third International Conference on the Dynamics of Information Systems” which took place at the University of Florida, Gainesville, February 16–18, 2011. The purpose of this conference was to bring together scientists and engineers from industry, government, and academia in order to exchange new discoveries and results in a broad range of topics relevant to the theory and practice of dynamics of information systems. Dynamics of Information Systems: Mathematical Foundation presents state-of-the art research and is intended for graduate students and researchers interested in some of the most recent discoveries in information theory and dynamical systems. Scientists in other disciplines may also benefit from the applications of new developments to their own area of study.