Гендерные различия в стимулировании рынком труда инновационных компонент человеческого капитала
The article based on data of the author’s social survey investigates, which components of human capital that characterize innovative potential of the worker, bring him an additional reward on the regional labor market, and which of them are undervalued; what are the differences in such additional reward of men and women; the possible reasons of these differences are being found out. The investigation is based on data of two author’s social surveys, undertaken in 2010-2011. The results indicate that the differences in the different cases can be in favor of not only men but also women.
The object of research: Enterprises of the Nizhny Novgorod region.
The subject of research: the relationship between the wages of male and employees in the region, and innovative components of their human capital.
The theoretical aspect of the subject: the concept and essence of innovative components of human capital, gender inequality in income. The practical aspect of the subject: differences in wages of corporate employees in Nizhny Novgorod region, depending on the performance of three components of their human capital, classified as innovative.
The purpose of research is to investigate the differences between men and women in reward that Russian labor market gives to innovative components of their human capital and to identify the possible reasons of these differences.
The main theoretical and empirical concepts:
1. Human capital of an employee (micro level) and organizations (meso level) contains the components that can be defined as innovative. Some of them bring additional income to the owners and thus their development and use is stimulated by the labor market, but the others are not evaluated and rewarded enough.
2 Stimulation of the labor market innovative component of human capital has the distinction workers, male and female. Studied examples we have shown that women these qualities have on average less and their wages are lower on average, but the presence of such components in the average brings them more additional income than men.